AGRICULTUREIN KUZNETSKAND MARIINSK DISTRICTS OF TOMSK P ROVINCE IN THE PERIOD OF THE 1880S – EARLY 1890S
Authors: A. Yu. Karpinets
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Article contains data on the main problems of agricultural production in the territory of Kuzbass, more particularly, Kuznetsk and Mariinsk districts of the Tomsk province in the period of the 1880th – the beginning of the 1890th years. The purpose of work was to characterize a state, to track dynamics, to reveal features of functioning of agricultural economy of edge during the specified period.
Processing and the analysis of the statistical data containing in appendices to annual reports of the Tomsk governor for 1881 – 1893 as a whole allowed to designate tendencies, to define structure, to confirm essential regularities of agricultural production in the territory. In generalizing works on history of Kuzbass the corresponding subject didn't receive due reflection in this connection the presented material can be used in the educational and scientific purposes.
The conducted research allowed to come to the following main conclusions. The base of economic development of the considered district in designated time there was an agriculture. Abundance in the region enough fertile land grounds along with small number of the population and lack of a large private property on the earth promoted development here extensive refalse agriculture. The country economy, based on traditional, archaic ways of cultivation of soils, in the conditions of backwardness of means of communication and the monetary credit remained mainly natural.
In the conditions of lack of innovative methods of increase of level of productivity, the climatic and meteorological factors, therefore in Kuzbass as, actually, and in Russia as a whole, periodically there were the crop failures interfering stable development of country economy had paramount and, actually, unique value; development of agricultural production wasn't promoted in the region by lack of transport infrastructure and the commodity-money relations.
At the same time it is necessary to consider as a clear advantage of Kuznetsk and Mariinsk plowmen abundance of the free qualitative virgin lands, allowing to reap more big crops, than in the European Russia; however the specified handicap should be considered temporary as the intensive growth of the population at the expense of annual natural profit and increase in resettlement movement the region in the conditions of lack of mechanisms of an intensification of agricultural production inevitably promoted decrease in coefficient of consumption per capita that shortly could lead here to an aggravation of "a country question" as well as in the European part of the country.