Nutrition on Aircrafts: a Menu Analysis (Part 1).
Authors: Berketova L., Iginova R.
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The organization of passenger service for air transport consists not only in the transportation of passengers to their destination but also in the provision of various types of food, which can include hot meals according to the free choice menu or complete rations on board the aircraft, desserts, drinks. The range of dishes depends on the budget of the airline, season, flight duration, class of service, departure time, principles of healthy eating, national characteristics, specific tastes, and age of the passenger. In this paper, the menu of the company Aeroflot — Russian Airlines is considered. Food in Aeroflot airplanes is divided into two cycles. Depending on the direction and duration of the flight, a choice of two dishes is provided: cold or hot breakfast, hot or cold lunch, snacks, and drinks. The menu of this airline is updated every six weeks. Economy class menu: depending on the direction, departure time, and duration of the flight, it contains breakfast, lunch, or snacks. A selection of hot and cold drinks is also provided depending on the duration and direction of the flight. Flights lasting up to 3 hours of flight offer passengers breakfast or lunch or dinner, soft and hot drinks. On flights lasting from 3 to 6 hours of flight, the menu includes appetizer, main course, dessert, soft and hot drinks. There is also the option of ordering special meals in the Economy class on flights over 3 hours. On flights over 12 hours of flight to Los Angeles, Miami, Havana, passengers will be offered an additional diet — a sandwich and fruits. The Comfort class menu offers passengers a welcome drink and a menu card is provided. During the flight in the Comfort class, two meals are provided for flights lasting more than 6 hours. The menu of this class is presented for 14 directions (from Moscow to Bangkok, Phuket, Beijing, Hong Kong, Dubai, Los Angeles, New York, Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Petropavlovsk–Kamchatsky, Seoul, Shanghai, Tel Aviv, Yuzhno–Sakhalinsk, and back). The paper presents a menu with the calculation of nutritional value and calorie content.