Genetics and Epigenetics of Sleep and Dreams
Authors: Volobuev A., Romanchuk P.
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Multifunctional dream is an epigenetic gift to a person with great intelligence, new quantum ideas (each material object has quantum states and parallel worlds) and future inventions (discoveries). The circadian system of Homo sapiens and the structural-functional clock of the human body, are synchronized genetically and epigenetically. Life activity of H. sapiens is wave-shaped cyclic oscillations of various intensive processes of circadian stress. The multi-oscillator system, includes evolutionary structural-functional central and peripheral rhythm drivers, primary and secondary pacemakers. Three of the most powerful modern rhythm drivers for humans, the first is light. The second most powerful rhythm driver is power. The third, epigenetic, including social factors, first of all, social status and self-actualization of personality. The main medical and social significance of the visceral brain is the formation of emotions. Visceral brain is involved in the regulation of internal organ functions, smell, automatic regulation, emotions, memory, sleep, waking, etc. Visceral brain determines selection and implementation of adaptation forms of behavior, dynamics of innate forms of behavior, maintenance of homeostasis, generative processes. It provides hormonal stimulation of the body, creation of emotional background, formation and implementation of processes of higher nervous activity. Cognitive memory is one of the largest and most powerful concepts that represents the basic function of memory in general. The knowledge that a person receives in learning is first perceived as something external, but then gradually they turn into experience and beliefs. Cognitive memory retains all acquired knowledge, representing a kind of “library”, with the process of assimilation and preservation becoming more complicated as the information obtained becomes more complex. The brain memory mechanism is a network of cyclic neural circuits (CPNs). When the secretion of γ-aminobutyric acid in the brain is deficient, many CNCs are turned off from the memory mechanism, which causes cognitive dysfunction. This is one of the causes of memory impairment in Alzheimer’s disease and senile dementia of Alzheimer’s type. Sleep is the main tool and mechanism in the formation of cognitive memory, its quantitative and qualitative volume, integration of transition to a qualitatively new level of self-development and self-improvement, allowing to create a new intellectual “qualification mind”. H. sapiens of the 21st century will have the ability to understand the physiological and neurophysiological patterns of sleep, manage and change their sleep habits. Digitization of sleep is the future for industry, healthcare, science, and personalized health.