A Comparative Phytochemical Study of Aloebarbadensis Miller Collected From Two Different Habitats
Authors: Dhimansonia, Kumar Ajay,Dhiman Monika and Vishwakarma Kumar Santosh
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Aloe barbadensis Miller is considered as an important plant since years ago. Egyptians used to
draw pictures of Aloe vera plant on walls of temples. They had even elevated the plant to ‘god
like’ status. Plant had also earned the name as “Plant of immortality”.This drug contains many
chemical constituents likevitamins A, C and E, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, folic acid and choline,
essential amino acids like alanine etc., enzymes like aliiase, alkaline phosphatase, amylase etc.,
minerals likecalcium, chromium etc.,monosaccharides, polysaccharides, anthraquinones,fatty
acids,auxins and gibberellins, salicylic acid, lignins and saponins. It is xerophytic plant, grown in
warm tropical areas (1040
F). Slightly acidic, sandy, loamy soil, moderately fertile soil and fast
draining,natural rainfall are required for its cultivation, Jaipur is warm tropical region with sandy
soil and less rainfall. This region is most suitable for cultivation of xerophytic plant.
Jogindernagar(H.P.) is 4000 to 5000 ft. high from sea level, having heavy rainfall and colder
temperature. Keeping in mind its value in therapeutics, this study was done to evaluate the
differences or similarities in its chemical constituents, for betterment of its efficacy. Mature
leaves of drug were collected from two different habitats i.e.,, first sample from herbal garden of
national institute of Ayurveda Jaipur, India and second from herbal garden Jogindernagar H.P.
India. Drugs obtained from both gardens were morphologically similar but H.P. species was not
fully nourished. Phytochemical analysis showed that sample procured from Jaipur city was richer in carbohydrates, anthraquinones, proteins and cardiac glycosides than H.P. drug. Hence the drug
grown in its natural habitat is better than adapted environment and habitat.