Development of christian morals of preschool children in the field of ecological education
Authors: Nazar Tushnitskyi
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The ideas of moral education involve the realization of moral values, which is carried out in a combination of experience of secular and religious education. Trends in the development of Christian morality of preschoolers are revealed: axiologization of the content of education and upbringing of preschoolers, lifting of prohibitions of the Soviet period on religious education, reorientation from atheistic to Christian worldview, increasing attention to Christian pedagogy and pastoralism, involvement of pastors in the moral education of preschoolers, building the educational process on national values, strengthening the religious orientation of preschool education, integration of secular and religious educational influences in the formation of preschool morality, conceptualization, multiculturalism, updating forms, methods and means of working with preschoolers through information and communication technologies; expansion of the network of religious educational institutions; prognosticity, etc. The cultural nature of the ecological paradigm is based on the greening of morality, the establishment of the ecological imperative as the main ethical ideal of mankind, built on the basis of ecological values and norms, which, in turn, form human responsibility for all living things. A special factor of environmental education is the organization of purposeful communication with nature, in whatever form it would be organized. In this case, the principle of natural expediency is realized, which today is becoming dominant in the system of environmental education. The method of pastoral work with preschool children sets the boundaries of the child's formation of their own essence through pastoral assistance in dialogue with the Higher Essence as a process of forming environmental consciousness, covering such key categories as worldview, attitudes, values, behavior.