Western Cinema in the Mirror of the Soviet Film Criticism
Authors: Alexander Fedorov
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Film criticism was prestigious job in the USSR. At that time there was no Internet and critic can be published only on paper. And this was due to: 1) a professional status of the author (in this case it had to be, as a rule, a graduate film critic, art historian, journalist, or have higher education in the humanitarian field); 2) with a rigid selection and censorship of texts and themes.
The author analyzes how western cinema was reflected in the mirror of the Soviet critics (for example, thematic books’ collection of Myths and Reality: 1966-1989). This, in particular, problems of ideological struggle, and the political censorship in the socio-cultural context of the 1960s–1980s and on how Soviet critics, specializing in foreign films, to respond to these factors. The author concludes that were characteristic of the official Soviet cinema studies, facing the material foreign movie: 1) sympathetic support "progressive western filmmakers", 2) sharp criticism of "bourgeois tendencies and perversions", 3) criticism of bourgeois society.
The eleventh edition of the collection Myths and Reality showed, finally, that the Soviet film studies of the late 1980s was ready for deprived ideological bias in analysis of foreign cinema. This line was continued in the post-Soviet years, no longer in the Myths and Reality, but on the pages of scientific journals Film Criticism Notes and Cinema Art, in the film encyclopedia devoted to the western screen, in numerous monographs, the authors of which have become and authors of Myths and Reality.