SA?D AL-DIN TAFTAZANI’S METHOD OF CLASSIFYING AND PROVING CREEDAL MATTERS.
Authors: O’ktam Bazarbayevich Palvanov
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Sa?d al-Din al-Taftazani al-H?anafi? (722-792 / 1322-1390) is regarded as a prominent representative of the Second Eastern Renaissance. He is a scholar who wrote in Arabic, ancient Turkic, and Persian languages, and produced valuable works on al-na?w, al-?arf, bala?a (eloquence) u?ul al-fiqh, and furu? al-fiqh (?anafi, shafi?i, and maliki), logic, ?aqidah, ?adith, tafsir, geometry, astronomy, and other similar fields of science. In particular, in his books, Sa?d al-Din al-Taftazani separately explored the levels of Shari?ah issues and their evidence that serve the correct understanding of Islam. In addition to the Qur’an and ?adiths, the scholar also used the exact sciences to substantiate doctrinal issues. Indeed, the scholar’s approach serves as an important impetus to create a scientific perception in the general public about the call of Islam for enlightenment and peace. His scientific views are also of great importance in overcoming biased, unscientific views on the interdependence of Islam and science. This article addresses these issues.