Comparación histórica entre reportes de casos en humanos y caninos de leishmaniosis visceral en Colombia contextualizado a salud única: revisión sistemática
Authors: Valentina Parada Pinilla, Santiago Hernández Peña, Sly Wongchuig Correa, Yuly Andrea Caicedo Blanco.
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Introduction: One of the main tropical zoonoses of public health importance is visceral leishmaniasis caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania infantum, transmitted by the vector Lutzomyia longipalpis, and its reservoir is the domestic canine.
Methodology: A systematic literature review on Visceral Leishmaniasis with Colombia was developed, using three sources (Google Scholar, PubMed and Dialnet), as well as the Mendeley bibliographic reference manager, among others. 180,610 documents were found, of which 21,673 duplicates were excluded, leaving 158,937 remaining studies, of which 126 were about interest studied, selecting 51.
Results: According to the literature reported in Colombia, over the years human cases have been reported without interruptions, showing areas of higher risk (Sucre, Córdoba, Santander, Tolima, and Huila), meanwhile, in canines the reports have not been satisfactory, being outdated and therefore limits establishing the current occurrence of the disease, the departments with distribution records are the Magdalena River Valley, Huila, Tolima, Sucre and Córdoba.
Conclusion: it is essential to strengthen the epidemiological and environmental health surveillance systems to generate information on the status of cases in humans or animals, which requires adequate knowledge about Visceral Leishmaniasis by human doctors, veterinarians, and responsible health entities.