Svaneti – Ancient Historical and Geographical Province
Authors: Nana M. Berdzenishvili, Besarion Beridzishvili
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Svaneti – is a mountainous region, falling to the west. Ushguli village is approximately 2100 meters above the sea level, the district center Mestia is at a height of 1400 meters from the sea, the Enguri, on the border of Eastern and Western Svaneti – 1200 meters, the merger Was and Inguri – 900 meters, the village Khaishi – a total of 600. Historically, the Upper Svaneti is divided into East and West, in other words on the Free and Princely. At the time, the princes of Dadeshkeliani could subdue the Western Svan communities to the river of Darla, but has not progressed further, and Darla became the border between the two Svaneti. In turn, the Dadiani princes conquered Lower Svaneti, but was not able to pass the pass the Sun, which became the boundary between the Lower and Upper Svaneti. As a result, the Eastern (Freestyle) Svaneti reached our time in a more archaic state, with a more traditional way of life and with a large number of stone buildings, which include temples and Svan towers. Here there are the most interesting objects and tourists concentrate their attention on this Svaneti.