This research aims to evaluate the problems encountered by physical education teachers in physical education classes and their professional life in Turkey. Method of researching was compilation, which is being used widely in research literature. In this context, authentic articles and post-graduate thesises on this subject have been evaluated first. As a result of the literature research conducted, it has been understood that most of the studies on this field were post-graduate thesis papers and there were a limited number of authentic articles on the subject. As a result of this research, it has been understood that among other problems encountered by physical education teachers in physical education classes, having inadequate/insufficient equipment for sports, parents not being able to communicate with physical education teachers, low level of interest shown by parents to physical education classes, low level of interest shown by students due to easy pass/fail regulations, parent considering children attendance to physical education events are unnecessary, other branch teachers not caring about physical education courses of children, school administration not caring about physical education courses of children, physical education classes in first, second and third grade not being administered by physical education teachers, insufficient/inadequate sports facilities and dressing rooms, unproductive application of course plans due to high number of students in classes, unproductive departmental works, easy pass/fail regulations, students not paying enough attention to physical education classes due to spending time in private courses for the preparation process to central placement exams were the major problems.
It is observed that the researches are getting greater and greater in number about the youth problems comparing to the previous years recently. In literature it is seen that the recreation methods of the youth are also handled next to the problems of youth . It is a well known fact that in what kind of activities youth do in their leisure time is significant for both their mental and physical healthes. Because of that it has importance to take necessary precautions for youth effectively about the methods of leisure time activities. For youth’s having fruitful activities; their leisure time preferences, the factors effecting them while paticipating in the activity are to be well known. It is aimed in this paper to find out answers to these questions.
The handicapped are individuals who are often encountered in society, have development disabilities in various areas, and cannot benefit from many rights utilised by people with normal development due to their disabilities in question. This situation causes certain problems in handicapped individuals’ daily and social life. Social development disabilities are the main one among aforesaid problems. In many researches in body of literature, it is found that the handicapped experiences certain social problems depending on their handicap and level of disability. Various activities and therapy methods are used in supporting social development of handicapped individuals. One of these activities is sports. As known, participation in sport activities enhances people’s health quality and contributes protection of their physical and spiritual health. Sport activities are considered as a socialising means for handicapped individuals. In this research, it is aimed to evaluate effects of participation of sport activities on handicapped individuals’ socialising.
The purpose of this research is to examine the free time preference according to their gender of middle school students. Total 151 middle school students participated in the study Tarsus district. Free time choice questionnaire, developed by Tel (2007), was used to determine the free time of the students. Frequency and chi-square analysis was used for statistical analysis of the data obtained at SPSS 22.0 software. At the end of the study, it was found that some free time preferences wasn’t significant difference statistically by gender such as “Dealing with nothing, rest”, “Books, newspapers, magazines read”, “Listening to music or playing a musical instrument”, “TV, video monitoring”, “Going to the cinema or the theater”, “To participate in social and cultural activities”, “Spend time with family”, “Go to neighbors or relatives”, “Chatting with friends”, “Go to the cafeteria or coffee shop”, “Deal with Hobbies” (p>0.05). Whereas, it was found that some free time preferences was significant difference statistically by gender such as “Visit bazaar or shopping”, “Sports do or watch sports competitions”, “Spending time on the internet (for chat, game or hobby)” and “Go hunting (hunting land and water)” (p<0.05).
In this study, we aimed to investigate high school students' attitudes towards physical education classes. Attitudes of students were compared by sex and the class level in the study Total 150 high school students, consist of 91 women and 59 men, participated in this study. To determine the students physical education attitudes was used “Physical Education Attitude Scale” developed by Gullu & Guclu (2009). The frequency analysis, independent t test and One Way ANOVA analysis used in SPSS 22.0 data analysis software. At the end of the study, there is no significant difference in woman and men students physical education attitudes (p>0.05). Similarly, there is no statistically difference physical education attitudes according to students grade level (p>0.05). According to the results obtained, it can be said students gener status and grade level are not a significant determinant to physical education attitudes.
In this study, it was aimed to determine the teachers’s views related to the science class curriculum which was separated from social studies class in 2014-2015 academic years with the change of the education system of Turkey. The study has been conducted with the teachers who gave 3rd grade social studies class before and with the 3rd grade teachers who currently gives the social studies class. To analyse the data, descriptive analysis was used in this correlational survey. 5 open-ended questions developed by the researchers were asked to the teachers and the answers were recorded with a recorder and the interviews were put in writing. As a result of the study, it was determined that the views of the teachers related to the renewed science class curriculum are generally positive. However, it was also determined that the teachers talk about shortcomings such as decreasing the weekly course hours and the number of acquisitions, adding a workbook and lack of material.
Keywords: Science, views of the teachers, social studies
Education is an important and indispensable part of community life. There is a linear relationship between the development levels of society and the level of education they receive.Therefore, the quality of education services offered to people in the provision of social development is very important. Technological elements which entered into every part of human life in recent years has been used in the training of education department as well . In particular, it is seen that the increasingly widespread use of computer-assisted instructional materials in training education. In some of the researches of literature ıt has been found out that the use of the computer support field research courses increase the academic achievement of students in an educational environment, improve their motivation and attitudes towards the course which is determined to increase the retention of learned information. Also computer-aided instructional materials used commonly in science teaching. As in other courses in science courses ıt is also noted that there is the positive impact of computer use on student achievement. Findings located in the literature research also support this view. In this research ıt is aimed to evaluate the effects on student achievements of science courses in computer-aided instructional materials.
Keywords: Computer-assisted education, science education, student achievement
In this study, secondary school students according to gender variable was to investigate recreational preferences. In this study 105 women and 48 men enrolled at Tarsus Ayhan Bozpınar Anatolian high school Research a total of 153 secondary school students who participated. Students have the choice of free time activity in the determination of Tel (2007) were used in the survey was developed by leisure. Statical analysis of the results was accomplished using frequency and chi-square analysis with SPSS 15.0 program. At the end of the study, the students most frequently in their preferred leisure-time activities listening to music or playing a musical instrument, spending time with family, chatting with friends, leisurely activities and hobbies to spend time on the internet deal with and it was determined that came. Students at a low level to their preferred leisure-time activities for the rest of the cinema or Theatre, go to the bazaar and Sunday sightseeing, shopping, going to visit neighbors or relatives, it was determined that activities such as it came. Female students who participated in the research also viewing TV and video, books, newspapers and magazines (p<0.05), male students more often preferred leisure activities such as reading, sport and sport competitions, monitoring, participation in social and cultural activities, go to the cafeteria or the coffee shop, a bar, a casino and activities such as going on a hunt or go to the pub when compared with female students, male students more often it has been found that it is preferred (p<0.05).
Keywords: Secondary education, recreation, gender
It is known that aggressive behavior among youth has increased in recent years. There are many factors that contribute to the increasein aggressive behavior among youth. Primary factors among these are environmental factors, social structure, domestic factors, harmful habits, substance abuse, social circle, negative effects of technologic developments and some psychological problems. Due to the increase in aggressive behavior among youth, it has become necessary to take some measures in order to minimalize aggressive behavior. One of the effective factors in decreasing aggressive behavior in youth is sports. Conducted research shows that participation in sports activities supports decreasing aggressive behavior in youth. This research focuses on the advantages of sports in preventing aggressive behavior in youth. Findings of research conducted in the light of relevant literature are evaluated within the scope of this research.
Keywords: Youth, aggressive behavior, sports
The aim of this research is to examine the assertiveness levels of the hearing impaired sports persons according to the gender, the year of making sports and the sports branch. Among the people who make sports regularly and have hearing impairment, totally 173 hearing impaired sports persons participated in the research who were invited to the national team camp. In the determination of the sports persons’ assertiveness levels, the Rathus Assertiveness Inventory was used. In the statistical analysis of the data which were obtained, the Frequency, Mann Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis H analyses were used. At the end of the research, it was fixed that the assertiveness levels of the sports persons with hear impairment were low. It was determined that the assertiveness levels of the sports persons revealed no significant difference statistically according to their genders. Besides this, it was concluded that the assertiveness levels of these sports persons revealed no significance difference statistically according to their years of making sports and the sports branch they were interested in. (p>0.05). As a result, it was concluded that the demographic variables which were discussed in the research, are not important determinants on the assertiveness levels of the hearing impaired individuals.
Keywords: Hearing impaired individuals, sports, assertiveness
The purpose of this study is to examine the affect of some motoric aspects on shot, pass the ball and dribbling performances at football players. 26 male football players playing different amateur football clubs in Burdur City center and having 19,65±3,452 mean age participated to study. 30m sprint, anaerobic power, log strength, flexibility, balance and coordination tests were used in measurement of some motoric aspects that football players had. Pearson Correlation, descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation), Simple Multiple Regression, Simple Regression analyses in SPSS 22.0 for Windows package program were used in analysis of data obtained. In the end of research, it was established that there were significant relationship among only anaerobic power, leg strength, balance, speed and flexibility performances with shot, pass the ball and dribbling performances when they were handled independently each other (p<0,05). It was established that there was no significant relationship among shot and pass the ball with coordination level (p>0,05), on the other hand, there was significant relationship between coordination level and dribbling performance (p<0,05).When the affects of motoric aspects, that football players had, on pass the ball, shot, and dribbling performances were evaluated, it was established that anaerobic power, flexibility, balance and speed performances did not affect pass the ball, shot and dribbling performances at significant level (p>0,05). Similarly, it was established that both leg strength and coordination level did not affect pass the ball and shot performances at significant level (p>0,05). Notwithstanding, it was identified that leg strength and coordination level were factors affecting dribbling performance (p<0,05). When motoric aspects were handled completely in research content, their affects on pass the ball, shot and dribbling performances were examined. As obtained results, it was established that speed, leg strength, balance, anaerobic power and coordination level as a whole affected dribbling level significantly (p<0,05). Notwithstanding, it was established that speed, leg strength, balance, anaerobic power and coordination level as a whole did not affect pass the ball and shot performances significantly (p>0,05). As a result, it may be said that handling motoric aspects independently each other did not affect technical skill in football. So, it may be said that handling motoric aspects as a whole is required while technical skills are evaluated in football players, more then one motoric aspects should be developed at certain levels to enhance technical skills in football players.
Keywords: Football, motoric aspects, technical skill
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) generally composed instrumental concerto for the specific players. In the case of his bassoon concerto, he had written for bassoon player Freiherr Thaddäus von Dürnrtz, and his oboe concerto for Giuseppe Ferlendis. Mozart did not have any other occasion to compose any other bassoon concerto because he befriended only with one bassoon player. After he first heard the basset-horn, he used this instrument in many of his symphonies and he composed works for this instrument in chamber music genre. Mozart dedicated his Clarinet Concerto (K.622) to Anton Stadler (1753-1812) who was an important clarinet player of his time and Mozart’s good friend. Also, his ‘Clarnet Trio’ (K.498), ‘Clarnet Quintet’ (K.581) and ‘Quintet for Piano and Winds ’ (K. 452) are dedicated to Stadler. Therefore, Stadler first performed the A major Clarinet Concerto on October 16, 1791 in Prague. Key Words: Mozart, clarnet, stadler, basset-horn
The purpose of this study is to examine the relation between rhythm and music education in the improvement of basic movement skills of primary school students of 1-4th grades. In this study combing method has been applied and the importance of music and rhythm education for students of these grades has been addressed. Articles on the importance of basic movement education for these children have been studied and a reasonable synthesis has been tried to be attained. When compared with the density of such an education for pre-school period, the number of studies signifying the importance of music and rhythm education during primary school period is rather insignificant, thus making such a study valuable. The importance of music and rhythm education for primary school students has been emphasized both through applied and observational studies, yet studies concerning basic movement have not sufficiently been referred to. In our combing-method study, the importance of the link between rhythm and movement has been emphasized. In the meantime, it can be regarded as a useful study as it may shed light on applied studies to be carried out and it may as well be helpful to researchers in the field.
Keywords: Child, Basic Movement, Music, Rhythm
Nowadays, sedentary lifestyle, improper eating habits, some environmental factors, genetic factors and various unhealthy lifestyle behaviors lead to the some diseases. Obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and psychological disorders are among some of these diseases. The cancer diseases prevalence is know that continuously increasing in this diseases. This sitution has prepared the ground for the development of new treatments against cancer of the country. Despite cancer is still high prevalence. Cancer disease in children is reported to increase the incidence compared to previous years as in adults. Therefore, to protect children from cancer, cancer support children's treatment process, removal of some importance to improve the quality of children's health has become an important condition after the treatment process. To fight childhood cancer in the literature are also sport and physical activity participation on research findings that give useful results. However, our country was found to be limited research on this subject. İn this context the study was carried out, the prevention of cancer in childhood, in the treatment of cancer, treatment is focused on completion of the children of the benefits of sport participation in the healing process.
Keywords: Childhood, cancer and sports, cancer and rehabilitation
The purpose of physical education and school sport this study is to investigate the self-esteem levels of students with different variables. Gazi University School of Physical Education and Sports School students who participated in a total of 306 students. Personal information form is used to determine the demographic characteristics of the students who participated in the study. Measured in the self-esteem of students Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory were used. Statistical analysis of the data obtained in the Kruskal-Wallis H test, Mann-Whitney U test and frequency analysis was used in SPSS 22.0 for Windows. At the end of the study it was determined that students' self-esteem did not differ significantly according to gender (p> 0.05). Students were determined according to age groups did not differ significantly in their self-esteem (p> 0.05). Besides, according to the students' self-esteem licensed sport participation has been found to show a statistically significant difference (p> 0.05).
Keywords: University students, age, gender, sports, self-esteem
The effects of participation to sports on general health have been well known. Through various studies in literature, it has been revealed that participation to sports has positive effects on physical, metabolic, psychological and spiritual health. In addition to benefits in terms of health, participation to sports provides some benefits in terms of social development as well. In this respect, in order to provide societies with socially developed individuals, physical education and participation to sports can be said to have an utmost effect. Especially children at younger
ages are thought to be easy going and harmonious individuals in terms of social life provided that they are participated in sports activities at early ages. Having reviewed the literature in the field, it was seen that the number of studies focusing on the relationship between sports and socialization were plentiful, however, as to the number of studies investigating how much physical education and participation to sports activities effected social development in children, it was quite limited. In this framework, this study aimed to find out the effects of physical education and participation to sports on social development in children.
Keywords: Physical education and sports, kids, socialization
There are various factors affecting training and competition performances of athletes. Motoric characteristics the athletes have play an important role among these factors. Especially the motoric characteristics the athletes have peculiar to a branch of sports affect the results of a competition directly. Among these motoric characteristics, jumping force has a distinct role, as it is an important factor in winning a game both in team sports and individual sports. From this aspect, especially in sport branches that depend mainly on jumping performance, the development of jumping skills of athletes becomes crucial. Although there are various methods to develop jumping
performances, especially the plyometric trainings are thought to have important positive effects. Results of various studies in literature support this idea. This study focused on jumping performance in sports and the importance of plyometric trainings in developing jumping performance.
Key Words: Jumping, jumping force, plyometric training.
The aim of this study was to find out the effects of conflict management styles used by primary school
administrators on stress levels of teachers. Participants of the study were 470 primary school teachers, 228 of whom were female and 242 male, working in ahinbey County of Gaziantep province. Data were collected through Rahim Organizational Conflict Inventory II - ROCI II, and they were analyzed by using SPSS 15.0 package program for Windows. Results of the study revealed that school principals used integration, appeasement, avoidance and negotiation styles at moderate level according to the perceptions of teachers. As for ruling styles, they used it at below-moderate level. Integration style used by principals was observed to cause more stress on teachers compared to other styles. Perceptions of female teachers on the usage of appeasement and negotiation styles were found to be statistically lower than male teachers (p<0,05). However, conflict management styles that were used by principals did not reveal any statistically significant difference in terms of gender (P>0.05). In addition, perceived conflict management styles and stress level stemmed from conflict management styles did not reveal any significant difference in terms of age groups and education level of teachers (p>0.05). The correlation
analysis between used conflict management and the stress level it caused on teachers showed that there was a
significant relationship between used conflict management and stress level it caused on teachers. It can be derived from those findings that ruling style used by administrators in conflict management increased stress level of teachers at a statistically significant degree (p>0.05), as to the other conflict management styles, they decreased stress level of teachers.
Key Words: Conflict, Conflict management, stress
The aim of this study was to find out the effect of leadership styles of school principals on organizational
citizenship behaviors of teachers. Participants of the study were 125 preschool, class and branch teachers who
were randomly selected. Data of the study were collected through “Multifactor Leadership Scale” and “Organizational Citizenship Behaviors Scale”. In order to find out the relationship among variables, multiple
regression analysis was applied through SPSS 20 program. According to the results of this analysis, there was a
positive relationship between overall average of leadership styles of school principals and organizational
citizenship behaviors sub-dimensions and membership morality dimensions.
Key words: Leadership, leadership styles, organizational citizenship behavior.
Aim of this study is to identify the problems related to sports parks built by local authorities in Mersin province and suggest solutions related to those problems. 166 participants who regularly used the sports parks built by local authorities in Mersin province participated in the study. A questionnaire that consisted of 28 questions 6 of which were demographic and 22 were close-ended questions was applied to the participants. Frequency analyses were used at SPSS 11.0 program to analyze the data of the study. Results of the study revealed that the users of these parks were women at middle or above-middle age, and as for their professional characteristics, housewives were the most frequent job group that used sports parks. The main reasons for using sports parks were pursuing a healthy
life and weight control. It was also found out that the main reason for people to prefer sports parks was doing
sports in open air and their being free of charge. Furthermore, some other findings on exercise types in these parks, their being sufficient in terms of health, and the rate of people benefitting from these parks were also obtained.
Key words: Local authorities, sports, sports parks