Contradicciones del Estado Nacional argentino en la regulación del tabaco
Authors: Ríos, Belén
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Tobacco consumption and secondhand smoke exposure are proven causes of illness and death. In Argentina 40,000 people die each year from smoking‐related diseases and it generates the need for the Federal Government to take measures to prevent these deaths, primarily to meet their obligations under the human right to health. The Argentine Republic has a tobacco control law that meets international standards in this area, such as smoke‐free environments, health warnings, tobacco advertising restrictions, among others. However, it has not yet adopted policies to increase cigarette prices, although that is the most effective measure to reduce cigarette consumption.
In Argentina, tobacco is one of the cheapest in the world, facilitating its accessibility especially among young people. Low prices of cigarettes are a direct result of tax policies that, among other things, subsidize tobacco production, keeping very low costs. The contrast between tobacco control policies and tax measures, that encourage the production, implies some contradictions within the National State, first sanctioned tobacco control measures to cut consumption and, on the other hand, promotes the production maintaining low tobacco prices. This article seeks to analyze and these contradictions of the Argentine State, through the encouragement of production, violating international obligations and especially not effectively protecting the health of the population.