Evaluación de la sustentabilidad ambiental de tres sistemas de producción agropecuarios, en el corregimiento Bolo San Isidro, Palmira (Valle del Cauca)
Authors: Reinaldo Giraldo Díaz & Francis Liliana Valencia T.
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This study focuses on Assessment of Environmental Sustainability in Three systems of agricultural production: Conventional, Agroecological and Transition to Agroecological. The conventional system is a system
that uses chemical supplies such as herbicides, insecticides and pesticides, heavy machinery such as tractors and irrigation, and emphasis on agriculture as a business. The Transition to Agroecology systems is in the
process of conversion from conventional to agro-ecological technology. In the Agroecological farming systems there is a strong human-nature relationship. Studies of Sustainability of production systems are a valuable tool to determine the impact of agro-ecological technologies and identify weaknesses in systems that
threaten their sustainability in the short, medium and long term. They allow fast and continuous monitoring
within systems, which facilitates their assessment, monitoring and improvement. For the assessment of environmental sustainability the methodology known as Framework for Assessment of Natural Resources Systems was adopted, incorporating sustainability indicator(MESMIS). The attributes evaluated were productivity, adaptability, resilience, self-management, reliability and stability. The agro-ecological production system is environmentally more sustainable than conventional production and transition to agro-ecological systems, because this production system emphasizes the conservation of natural resources, preservation of biodiversity, the use of biological supplies for control of pests and diseases and there is an interaction between man and nature that is not mediated by agro-productivity but respect for the cycles, rhythms and rhythms of nature, forming a biologically diverse landscape and rich in singularities.