Innovaciones Biotecnológicas como Estrategia de Adaptación ante el Cambio Climático
Authors: Iselen Trujillo, Orquídea Pérez, Adriana Silvia, C. Camacho, E. Salazar
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The human being has seen the need to make changes to improve and optimize the processes of production and distribution of food, through a conservationist model. Underdeveloped countries have had difficulties implementing sustainable agriculture through an agroecological approach, which creates a threat, since technical support to small and medium producers is not guaranteed, specifically, in the commitment that researchers have in have the ability to translate the knowledge acquired in the academy, to make agricultural innovations, in order to guarantee the food sovereignty of a country. At present, the concept of technological innovation has been raised, such as the successful interaction of technologies and practices, acquired by new knowledge and mental schemes, which leads to new forms of social organization, where the market, environment, political and economic sectors stand out. regulatory framework, and science and technology. Climate change has generated variations in global climate, leading to serious problems for the planet. Among the measures that have been indicated to act on the effects of this climate change, it is proposed to identify alternatives that guarantee profitable, socially acceptable and environmentally responsible economic proposals. Hence the importance of the agroecological approach in the development of a sustainable agriculture, with integrated systems of vegetable and animal production that allow to satisfy needs in the medium and long term. However, there is no adequate infrastructure to establish this approach, making necessary the use of technological innovations, where biotechnology plays a key role, to favor the use of natural resources available in the region, increasing food productivity and raw materials, make efficient the treatment of agroindustrial and urban waste, and generating products for the health and environment sectors.