Regional Aspects of the Population in Montenegro: Review
Authors: Goran Rajović, Jelisavka Bulatović
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Problems of regional development and regional disparities according to Dawkins (2003), Boudeville (1966) and Puljiz (2011) indicate that they have been for a long time the focus of research carried out by economists, sociologists, geographers, and scientists from other fields of scientific research. How do the regions grow, why some grow faster than others, why there are regional disparities in the social and economic sphere; these are some of the central issues of regional development theories and regional policies? Literature provides many answers and reflections on key issues and factors of regional development. The paper analyzes the regional problems of the population in Montenegro. In the North region are envisaged largest demographic problems, including peripheral, rural and post-industrial areas in which the population decreases. The territorial dimension of the demographic changes are most evident through the following: regional disparities in the population of the coastel – center-northern; division between urban and rural areas, where most of the urban areas reported growth of population; regional differences around the capital city Podgorica and coastal cities, which have "the effect of attraction," which is associated with greater employment opportunities... In Montenegro, it is necessary to develop a new concept – a comprehensive regional development, which will be based primarily on demographic potentials.