Traditional use of medicinal plants in markets Bogotá, DC.
Authors: Sara Emilia Giraldo Quintero, María Consuelo Bernal Lizarazú, Adriana Morales Robayo, Alesdy Zuled Pardo Lobo, Leopoldo Gamba Molano
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Objective. To describe information about traditional use of 26 plants, identifying plant drug, preparation and administration, medicinal purposes for recommended practices and possible misuse. Materials and Methods. This work was performed in 8 popular markets of Bogotá. By applying semi-structured interviews with 16 sellers of medicinal plants. Further taxonomic identification of medicinal plants was carried out with greater reporting by sellers and their traditional use was compared with pharmacological indications reported in the Vademecum Colombiano de Plantas Medicinales. Results. Report higher plants between sellers respondents were "cidrón", "calendula" and "manzanilla", followed by "cola de caballo", "ruda" and "albahaca", which presented at least three reports each one. It was found that some of the plants mentioned by the sellers do not appear in the Vademecum Colombiano de Plantas Medicinales plants including "paico", "chitato", "alfalfa", "laurel" and "suelda consuelda". Little knowledge was detected by sellers about possible contraindications or adverse effects of medicinal plants which leads to inadequate practices within the community. Ignorance of the differences between the forms of decoction and infusion preparation was also evidenced. Plants that may be promising therapeutic for new uses reported were identified including “albahaca”, “calendula”, “cidrón”, “cola de caballo” and “manzanilla”.