The article analyzes the essence of social work as a science whose core is assisting the process, defined as its subject and object. Argues its interdisciplinary character and analyzed three theoretical approaches to social work, psychological guidance; sociology-oriented and complex-oriented. Examine prekariatat as a new subject area of social work. Defines the essence of the precarious; reasons for its dynamics; precariat types; characteristics of the precariat: discontent, anomie, anxiety andalienation.
The paper deals with the problems of the relations between public health and social
development from the perspective of socio-medical theory. Emphasis is placed on the role of social justice in the health care system and on EU values and strategies as a starting point for improving the quality of life in Bulgarian society.
The article raises the subject of applying the Social Work Project as practical training method of undergraduate students in Social Activities, professional bachelor’s degree program. Options for shaping and developing professional skill in the future specialists are discussed. Results from cooperation between students and users of social services are analyzed. Summarized results reveal that completed project activities contribute to building a cooperative and supportive environment among the partners. Conditions for mastering and developing professional skills and competencies for team work in the future specialists are created.
Mental health professionals are particularly susceptible to burnout, as the inherent
challenges in dealing with high-risk clients create difficulties in attracting and retaining skilled workers. The article discusses individual, organizational and social factors in the social services system, which can be a serious risk of professional burnout. In this study, occupational stress and dissatisfaction were measured in a group of 25 helping professionals from 4 social services working with mentally disabled people.
The activities of medical establishments is referred to taking care of disability persons and elderly people suffering chronic diseases or diagnosed definitely with continuous social consequences. A number of problems have been shown in a report of the governmental medical establishments of the country that negatively impact the subsystem of outpatient medical cares. A great number of the problems in the organization of medical sectors could be overcome through inclusion of social worker in the multidisciplinary team of the medical establishments.
Healthcare is one of the major sectors of social sphere in the conditions of market
economy. A number of changes are being performed in that sector, due to the dynamics of economic environment in Bulgaria. As a public activity it is directed to man, his/her physical, psychic and social well-being. The healthcare system is incessantly upgraded to economy. This article is a general review of some alternative approaches to fund the social activities, as: hospital re-engineering; diagnostically related groups as well the solidarity systems for social protection.
Roma ethnic community is one of the most marginalized and stigmatized community in Bulgaria, where one of the major problems is the lack of education or inferior degree of education as well restricted healthcare and contraceptive awareness. The article review issues, related to sexual education in family and awareness of the students regarding preventive means and diseases transmitted in sexual manner. There was investigated their motivation, concerning graduation and continuation of education to greater degree as a factor for successful social integration.