State and Prospects of Innovative Development of Economy of Russia
Authors: Ivanter V. V., Komkov N. I.
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Purpose: the purpose of this study is to present the results of the analysis of the state of innovative development of the economy, identify the reasons that impede such development, and assess prospects for the medium term. Methods: the methodology of the work is based on a comprehensive statistical analysis of the dynamics of the effectiveness of innovation activities, as well as assessing the impact of innovation on technological development. To identify the reasons hindering innovative development, the methods of constructing information-logistic models were used, which allow establishing significant interrelationships in the chain of "shortcomings – causes – ways to overcome them." At the same time, the methods of system design of the progressive economy model were used, in the case of which it is possible to reduce the identified shortcomings.
Results: concluded in the comparative evaluation of the results of innovation activities and their impact on the processes of technological development in Russia. Also listed are the main reasons that inhibit innovation development. Conclusions and Relevance: possibilities of positive influence of the innovation sphere on the recovery of economic growth essentially depend
on the duration of the time interval. In the near future (1–3 years), such influence is extremely limited, and probably, first of all, with the import substitution of components in the interests of the military-industrial complex. Useful participation in the restoration of economic growth in the
near future can take the previously performed, so-called "sleeping innovations and technologies". However, it is important to maintain renewable growth rates in the medium term. To do this, the innovation sector should be oriented towards
solving problems in certain, most priority areas. Moreover, the mechanism of such orientation can be represented in the form of feedback of an innovative reproduction circuit, the mandatory components of which are consumer companies of basic technologies, expert-analytical centers, research institutes, RAS, universities, technoparks and engineering centers. A possible form of organization of their joint activities may be consortia, and the duration of programs for the creation of competitive basic technologies can be 5–8 years. To ensure the full and stable interaction of the RAS, universities, the Government of the Russian Federation and domestic companies, it is advisable to prepare a multilateral agreement between them that will reflect the responsibilities of equal participation of each of the parties in restoring the potential of a full innovative reproduction cycle in the interests of innovative development of the economy and society.