Ethnobotanical study on useful indigenous plants in Mahasheer National Park, AJK
Authors: Sajid Safeera*, Rahmatullah Qureshib, Ubaid ul Hassanc, Saeed Khalild, Farhan Anware
Number of views: 93
Objective: To derive the indigenous ethnobotanical data of herbal medicines and plant
resources from Mahasheer National Park, AJK during 2015.
Methods: The data was collected through direct field observations, from native people by
oral interviews, by semi-structured questionnaires and guided field walks. Ethnobotanically
significant plant specimens were collected from the field, identified with the help of floristic
literature. Then the specimens were dried and pressed, mounted on herbarium sheets. The
voucher specimen numbers were award and deposited in a recognized herbarium.
Results: A total of 93 plant taxa belonging to 42 families were documented, which were being
used by local inhabitants to fulfill their daily needs. Among them, 50 plant species were used
to treat various human ailments e.g. rheumatic disorders, respiratory illnesses, gastrointestinal
ailments, skin and oral infections, hepatic diseases etc. Some novel ethnomedicinal uses of
Acacia modesta (urinogenital disorders), Adhatoda zeylanica (diabites and asthma), Bombax
ceiba (nervous illness), Punica granatum (anthelminthic) and Arisaema flavum (antitoxic)
were also reported from the area. Leaves were the mainly used plant part (17 spp.) to prepare
herbal formulations, followed by fruit (10 spp.), whole plant (9 spp.), and root (5 spp.) etc.
Conclusions: Plants with high medicinal values are preferred for biological screening to get
valuable pharmacological products, so these novel uses can be a breakthrough to explore active
ingredients in these plants in order to prepare herbal formulations at industrial level.