The Effects of Smoking and/or Drinking on Visceral Adiposity Index
Authors: Edibe Saricicek1, Ayten Oguz2, Dilek Tuzun2, Ahmet Celik3*, Elif Sahin3, Metin Kilinc3
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Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), serum triglyceride (TG) and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations are evaluated together in calculation of visceral adiposity index (VAI), is a newer described index. We aimed to investigate the relationships of smoking and/or alcohol intake and VAI in healthy adult men in this study. For this purpose 96 healthy adult men were included to the study and divided into four groups; 52 both non-smokers and non-drinkers (Group NSNA), 21 smokers (Group S), 9 drinkers (Group A) and 14 both smoker and drinker (Group SA). Serum concentrations TG and HDL-C, body weight and waist circumference were measured, then BMI and VAI were calculated. VAI, TG and HDL-C were significantly different between the groups (p values were 0.002; 0.008 and 0.044 respectively). VAI, TG and HDL-C were significantly different between Group NSNA and SA (p values were 0.001; 0.004 and 0.035 respectively). There was no significant correlation between cigarettes smoked per years and VAI in smokers. The rise of VAI is associated with both alone alcohol intake and smoking and alcohol intake together. VAI may be lower, in case of absence of both smoking and drinking, non-elevated VAI may be seen in smokers due to lower TG.
Keywords: Visceral Adiposity Index, Smoking, Drinking.