The Effects of Physical Activities on Physical Performance, Motor Skills, and BMI Values in Children and Youth having Down Syndrome (DS)
Authors: Ebubekir Aksay
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This study was carried out with the aim of determining the effects of physical exercises on social developments, motor skills, and physical performances of over-weight individuals having DS with IQ levels between 40 and 60. Twenty-six over-weight individuals having DS as study-group, and 25 healthy individuals of similar age as control-group were involved. In this study, jogging, cycling, and power exercises were carried out for 50 min thrice a week. The exercises resulted in decrease in bodyweight and BMI value, and increase in muscles power, elasticity, and physical performances in individuals with DS. The children having DS showed a lower performance than their healthy peers in the control group. During the 28-week long regular physical activity, positive improvements were observed in social skills of the children besides motor skills. There were significant differences between groups in terms of body weight, BMI, muscle power, elasticity, and balance skills.
Keywords: Down Syndrome, Social Developments, Physical Activity, Physical Exercise, Social Developments, Physical Performances.