The Effects of Obesity on Hypertension: Does Increase in Body Mass Index Equates Persistent and Poor Control of Hypertension in Nigeria?
Authors: *1ONI OA, 2ODIA JO, Iruegbukpe V.3
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This association between obesity and hypertension (HTN) has been established and extensively documented in the western world. However, it is yet to be determined if obesity correlates with poor control of HTN in Nigeria. The aim of this study is to find out if obesity is associated with persistent high blood pressure and or there are other associated common risk factors for HTN in Nigeria. This is a cohort study involving 130 patients with HTN. Patients were compliant with medications. The body mass indexes (BMI) of all the patients were determined and compared with their level of blood Pressure and common risk factors for HTN were also evaluated. The CC between obesity and diastolic blood pressure (r= -0.90; CD=81 %), systolic blood pressure (r= -0.66; CD=44%) and Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) (r=0.39; CD=15% . Male= -0.94. Female= -0.98). Other risk factors for HTN include family history (90%), occupation (Farmers: 69.2%), Environment (Rural: 72.3%), Alcohol (56.9%), Tobacco (53.8%), dyslipidemia (10.7%), Age (HTN peaks at the 6th decade of life). Obesity doesn’t necessarily associate with persistent, poor control of HTN in Nigeria in this study, contrary to Caucasians studies.
Keywords: Hypertension, Obesity, Correlation, co-morbidity, Risk Factors, Nigeria, Caucasians, Cardiovascular.