Defect Mode Properties and Origin in one Dimensional Photonic Crystal
Authors: Vipin Kumar, B. Suthar, J. V. Malik, Arun Kumar, Kh. S. Singh, T.P. Singh, A. Bhargva
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The properties and origin of defect modes in the one dimensional photonic crystal (PC) with a central defect has been studied. Two types of photonic crystals, each having single defect, namely, symmetric and asymmetric PCs are considered. It is found that a defect mode arise at central wavelength for asymmetric PC, whereas two defect modes arise in the vicinity of central wavelength for symmetric PC. These two defect modes can be fixed to a single central defect by increasing the width of the defect layer. But the intensities of these defect modes are found to be different from the intensities of defect modes for asymmetric case. The origin of these defect modes can be explained using impedance matching condition. The propagation characteristics of the proposed structure are analyzed by using the transfer matrix method.