Applied Economics and Business Review is published as an open-access journal which aims to represent and publish research articles in economics and business areas delivered by practitioners of different disciplines. Topics of interest for submission include, but are not limited to: labor economics, development microeconomics, education economics, health economics, monetary economics, public economics, demography, empirical corporate finance, empirical studies of trade and industrial organizations, and empirical behavioral economics.
1. Article Template
To help you do your work, an article template has been prepared by SCIKNOW for use with MS Word 2007. Predefined style
formats are available for all the necessary structures that are supposed to be part of the manuscript. Click here to download the
2. Manuscript Submission to SCIKNOW
To submit your files, please use our Manuscript Submission and Tracking System.
Alternatively, if for some technical reason submission through the online system is not possible, the author can contact
Keep personal copies of the files.
All submitted articles must be original, not having been published before, and not under consideration for publication
elsewhere. Papers should be clear, concise, coherent and accurate. If you need further help, please contact
3. Writing Your Text
Please use our Word template to prepare your text. All the necessary formatting is already preset in the template.
National spellings from all nations are recognized as authentic and will be accepted.
Use a single main font (Times Roman) for the entire text. For special characters, please use Symbol or Arial Unicode.
In running text, please set emphasized words or phrases in italic type.
Please keep your manuscript more than 4 pages after you adopt our format.
4. Headings and Tables of Contents
A well-structured text and meaningful headings make it easier for the reader to get a general idea of the text.
Please use the decimal system of headings with no more than four levels.
1 Level 1 Heading
1.1 Level 2 Heading
1.1.1 Level 3 Heading
18.104.22.168 Level 4 Heading
In cross-references, please give the chapter or section number (e.g., see Sect. 3.5.1).
At the beginning of the manuscript, an abstract (150-250 words) should be given to brief summarize the whole content and
help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose.
Technical terms, abbreviations
- Ensure that the spelling of names, terms, and abbreviations is consistent, including in tables and figure legends.
- Abbreviations, except for very commonly ones, must be defined the first time they are used and a list supplied with the
- Please use internationally accepted signs and symbols for units, so-called SI units.
- Chemical compounds should be named according to the systematic rules of the IUPAC or Chemical Abstracts.
Author Guidelines - SciKnow Publications
Please also note the following:
Species and genus names, mathematical/physical variables, and prefixes in chemical compounds should be set in italic type
e.g., L and D indicating optical activity should be set in SMLL CAPITALS (D- and L-dopa)
- Number the table consecutively (e.g., Table1) and ensure that all the tables are cited in the right places of the text in the
- Give each table a heading.
- To format the table columns, use the table function.
- Do not use the space bar to separate columns.
- If a table cell is to be left empty, please type a hyphen (-) in it.
- Please do not treat simple, one-column lists as tables, but instead set them as part of the running text. Use the displayed list
- Equations of the type (x+y)2
can be written as normal text.
- For all other equations, please use MathType or the Microsoft equation editor. And insert the graphic into your text file as an
object. Prepare the whole equation in this way and not just part of it.
- When entering your equation, select the appropriate style for each character from the menu.
- Do not insert the equation number from the equations editor.
- Please do not insert symbols or special characters that are not part of equations as graphics or using the formula editor if they
are available as Symbol or Unicode fonts.
- Formulas/equations are numbered chapterwise. The formula number is given in parentheses as right aligned text next to the
- If the equation is part of a sentence, the equation itself should end with a punctuation mark (not after the equation number).
5. Literal Text
In order to distinguish the literal text of computer programs from running text, we recommend using a font such as Arial or
If you need a font for your programs in which every character has the same width, please use Courier.
Manuscripts in the field of Mathematics and Physic, the text layout should be in single column, for manuscripts submitted to
other disciplines two columns layout should be followed.
All references should be formatted in APA style in the text and listed in the REFERENCES section. Reference list entries should
list the author's last name first, then the initials of the first and middle name, and be alphabetized by last name. The instructions
Smith, J., & Peter, Q. (1992). Hairball: An intensive peek behind the surface of an enigma Hamilton, ON: McMaster University
Anthology of articles :
Mcdonalds, A. (1993). Practical methods for the apprehension and sustained containment of supernatural entities In GL Yeager
(Ed.), Paranormal and occult studies: Case studies in application (pp. 42-64) London: OtherWorld Books.
Crackton, P. (1987). The Loonie: God's long-awaited gift to colourful pocket change Canadian Change, 64 (7), 34-37.
Official government documents :
Revenue Canada (2001). Advanced gouging:. Manual for employees (MP 65-347/1124) Ottawa: Minister of Immigration and
Author Guidelines - SciKnow Publications
Print version of the network article:
Marlowe, P., Spade, S., & Chan, C. (2001). Detective work and the benefits of colour versus black and white [Electronic version].
Journal of Pointless Research, 11, 123-124.
Electronic journal articles ( only online version of the journal ):
Blofeld, ES (1994, March 1). Expressing oneself through Persian cats and modern architecture. Felines & Felons, 4, Article
0046g. Retrieved October 3, 1999, from http://journals.f+f.org/spectre/vblofeld -0046g.html
Search for journal articles from the database of electronic copy version ( 3-5 Author):
Costanza, G., Seinfeld, J., Benes, E., Kramer, C., & Peterman, J. (1993). Minutiæ and insignificant observations from the
nineteen-nineties. Journal about Nothing, 52, 475-649. Retrieved October 31, 1999, from NoTHINGJournals database.
The source must be acknowledged in the legend or table heading. If the source is in a foreign language, please provide a
Please use the indexing function in Word. Indicate, on average, one or two keywords per manuscript page to be included in
Information should be listed under the term that most readers will probably look at first. Use cross-references to list variations
or written-out versions and abbreviations/acronyms.
Use no more than two levels - main entry and subentry.
A main entry should always be a noun (or compound noun) and begin with a capital letter.
Subentries begin with lowercase letters unless the term is a proper noun.
Index entries are formatted as in the text (e.g., italics for genus and species names).
Abbreviations at the beginning of a term must be written out. For example, A.fumigatus should be Aspergillus fumigatus.
8. Figures and Illustration Data
For the best quality final product, it is highly recommended that you submit all of your artwork - photographs, line drawings, etc.
- in an electronic format. The published work will directly reflect the quality of the artwork provided.
Electronic figure submission
- Name your figure files with your name, "Fig", and the figure number, e.g., Miller Fig 1.eps.
- Indicate what graphics program was used to create the artwork.
- For vector what graphics, the preferred format is EPS; for halftones, please use TIEF format.
- MS Office files are also acceptable.
Line art black and white graphic with no shading.
- Check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size. All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide.
- Line drawings should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.
- Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
Halftone art photographs, drawings, or paintings with fine shading, etc.
- If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
- Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.
Combination art a combination of halftone and line art, e.g., halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, color
- Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.
Color art color art is free of charge for Online publication.
- If black and white will be shown in the print version, do not refer to color in the captions and make sure that the main
information will still be visible. A simple way to check this is to make a xerographic copy to see if the necessary distinctions
between the different colors are stll apparent.
Author Guidelines - SciKnow Publications
- Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).
- To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans serif fonts) and avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
- Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2-3 mm (8-12 pt).
- Do not include titles or captions into your illustrations.
Figure captions and numbering
- Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts.
- Number the figures consecutively using the chapter number (e.g., Fig. 1). Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase
letters (a, b, c, etc.).
- When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the page width.
- For most books, the figures should be 78 mm or 117mm wide and not higher than 198 mm.