QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF MILK SUPPLIED AT CANTEENS OF VARIOUS HOSPITALS IN HYDERABAD
Authors: MUZAFFAR MEMON,GUL BAHAR KHASKHELI, GHULAM SHABIR BARHAM,
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A total of 450 milk samples (i.e. 50 from each source) were collected from eight canteens of different hospitals
and from one dairy farm (as a control). Statistical analysis of variance revealed that there was extremely significant
difference (P<0.05) in specific gravity of milk among the nine different sources of milk samples studied. The analysis of
variance showed that there was significant difference (P<0.005) within the milk samples analyzed for pH. The study
further depicted that highest acidity percentage (0.16±0.237%) of milk was recorded from dairy farm, followed by canteens
milk samples encoded B, G, H, C, D, F(0.13-0.14±0.404%). Surprisingly the highest percentage of TS (14.79%), fat
(6.29±0.014%) and SNF (8.5%) was recorded for dairy farm milk compared to other sources (canteens) of milk.
Furthermore, milk obtained from canteens of hospitals even did not meet the legal minimum requirement of 5% fat and
9.5% total solid and more than 8.5%SNF.
Milk samples obtained from the canteen (coded A) had maximum bacterial counts with an average of 51.55
million/ml. whilst milk silk samples from dairy farm (coded DF) revealed lowest bacterial counts 4.52 million/ml.
Whereas, the average bacterial counts 47.80, 42.82, 41.55, 35.63, 34.62, 34.47, 28.66 million/ml were observed from
various canteens milk coded i.e. A C, D, E, F, G, H, respectively. 80% of samples taken from DF retained methylene blue
color (Ranked grade A) after 5.5hours at 37°C followed by 56% (coded F), 50% (from coded B, C,H), 44% (coded E),
38% (coded D) ) and 22% (coded A ). On the basis of physico-chemical and microbial analysis of milk samples obtained
from the canteens of all the hospital were inferior in quality compared to the samples from dairy farm.