The ethics of modernity: the hybridization phenomenon
Authors: Yaroshenko T. M.
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Author made an attempt of holistic conceptual approach to the understanding of contemporary ethics. Special attention is given to the analysis and characterization of modernity; its contents, main problems, trends of modern ethics; hybridization – a typical phenomenon of both the modern era, and ethics.
Paper investigates mental and socio-cultural features of the modern era; marked are the phenomena of crisis, conflict, acute contradictions and inconsistencies of the good life. It was determined that present internally correlated with human feelings of insecurity, a state of acute tension, discontent, disharmony, ambivalence, pain and suffering. A generalization was made about the presence of pathological, hazardous processes in the spiritual and civilizational life of a Ukrainian; the attention is focused on the fact that our present life-ethos characteristics are unnatural mechanical, deceptive, which lead to feelings of the fake life, which people do not feel they can master. Analysis of present allowed to model the modern understanding of ethics, identify its specificity and objectives. Author focuses attention on the importance of the boundary phenomenon. Allocated and disclosed were dual semantic constructs of the concept of “ boundary”, meaning of “limit” and “boundedness”, the dialectical properties of the distribution and unifying character.
The need to acquire new experience, willingness to expand the boundaries of personal awareness, the ability to go beyond their individual limitations (an understanding of ethics as “the experience of the boundaries and experiment”), activity in the field of social relations, the sphere of “between” (intersubjective links) active creation of a shared living space. It is argued that the ethics of the modern era has positioned itself as an essentially philosophical knowledge of the area, and as an interdisciplinary science, which successfully develops in the plane of the interaction with other fields of knowledge. It traces the latest directions for interdisciplinary studies of ethics (the concept of speech therapy, the blockade ethics, trolleyology, etc).
Attention is drawn to the problems of the Ukrainian society. Author emphasized the undermining of the moral and ethical foundations of the public groundwork, isolation of socio-economic and political spheres from the moral and ethical foundations of a culture, rooting corruption, covert methods of abuse, manipulation, provocation speculation phenomena defamation, substitution, fabrication of dual reality. It was noted that one of the main challenges for the country’s reality are the processes of hybridization, and, therefore, this phenomenon and concept require special attention and further study. Author singled contemporary phenomenon of moral-ethical pathology: negative suggestion, fake, trolling; the attention is drawn to their relationship with hybridization demonic nature. The author suggests own definition of hybridization, which includes the specifics of the meanings of suggestion, fake, trolling and demonic.
Paper emphasized that the emergence, spread and strengthening of such phenomena suggests marginalization of ethics in Ukraine and the need to revive its health capacity. For the recovery and modernization of the Ukrainian society, author proposed a revival and the modern use of ethical concepts that can serve as markers, in particular “ethos-home, “ethos – improvement”; the emphasis on their organic, spitefully human forms of organization of order and security, the satisfaction of human needs in the pursuit of happiness. In order to transfer the contradictory fullness of the intense, ambiguous situations and a better orientation in the issues of differentiation and of unity of the Ukrainian society it was proposed to use the additional concept of “boundary” together with the constructs of a double value “limit” and “boundedness”.