The Determinan of Diabetes Melitus (Baseline Data Analysis of Kohort Studies of Non-Communicable Diseases Bogor 2011)
Authors: Olwin Nainggolan, A Yudi Kristanto, and Hendrik Edison
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Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease characterized by elevated levels of blood sugar (Hyperglycemia), due to the metabolic system disorders, organ pancreas unable to produce insulin in accordance with the needs of the body. Diabetes mellitus is one of the non-communicable disease prevalence that increase from year to year. The research was carried out in 1 (one) village in Bogor municipality at Kebun Kelapa village, in 2011 with a total of 1939 respondents. The purpose of this analysis is to examine the relationship between various characteristics such as (gender, age, education, socioeconomic status, history of diabetes in the family), smoking behavior, mental disorders, body mass index (BMI), total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, cholesterol HDL and triglycerides in the blood on the incidence of diabetes mellitus. Methods: The design of this research is cohort study, however, as the data analyzed is the fi rst year baseline data (2011), thus the analysis is cross sectional study with univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyzes. Result: Multivariate analysis showed that there are 6 variables with a signifi cant relationship to disease Diabetes mellitus: age, hypertension, body mass index, high LDL cholesterol, high triglycerides, a family history of DM. While the other variables such gender, education,socioeconomic status, smoking behavior, emotional mental disorders, HDL cholesterol levels, do not have a statisticalsignifi cant relationship to diabetes mellitus. Recommendation: Prevention and control of diabetes mellitus is necessaryto reduce the incidence of diabetes mellitus and prevent complications.