Improving the Classification of Organizational Changes of an Enterprise
Authors: Gryn E. L.
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A generalization of existing approaches to the classification of organizational changes is performed. The identification of revolutionary and evolutionary changes is highlighted. The types of organizational changes are investigated depending on the level of organization where they occur. The essence of spontaneous and planned changes is considered. The classification of changes based on one criterion — single-criterion classification, on two criteria and a set of criteria — multi-criterion classification — is presented. There introduced the author’s classification of organizational changes comprising a single criteria classification, which includes three subgroups, and a multi-criteria classification. The first group, which is singled out based on a single-criterion classification in terms of the character of its implementation, is distributed with regard to the following criteria: object: in goods and services, strategy and structure, culture, technology, personnel, management, systems, performance, prestige, policy, and legal transactions, functions, forms; duration of changes: short-term, medium-term, long-term; systematicity: organic; systematic, episodic; nature of manifestation of processes: scaling down, scaling up; scale: general, local; management style: decision-making, participatory; levels: individual, group, subdivision, corporate; resources: extensive; intense. By the nature of occurrence, the changes are divided based on the following criteria: reaction to the environment: forced and provoked; interaction with the environment: reactive and proactive; goal setting: aimed at effective functioning, development, and anti-crisis. According to the results, the changes, based on the acquired state, are divided into transformational (divergent) and adaptive (convergent) and on the quality — into progressive and regressive. The multi-criteria classification comprises six groups of changes, including the author’s division into active and passive ones, where the latter involve changes in the state of an enterprise in the market under the influence of external factors in the event of a failure to decide on the implementation of active changes.