Low Flow Charecterzation of Satluj River
Authors: Jai Prakash Nayak
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The present study was envisaged to estimate low flow characterization of Satluj River. For the present study,
Satluj river basin uptoKasol gauging site has been considered and the low flow characterization has been done at three
locations viz. Rampur, Suni, and Kasol. The daily discharges of Satluj River at these sites for the years 1964-2011 were
used for low flow characterization. The flow characteristics related to low flow domain estimated in the present study were
MAR, AMF, Q20, Q50, Q90,Q20/Q90,Q50/Q90, and Q90/Q50. Mean annual runoff of Satluj river varies from 10,606.43
MCM (Rampur) to 13,192.72 MCM (Kasol); Absolute minimum flow from 44.18 cumecs (Rampur) to 73.05 cumecs
(Kasol); Q20 from 625.75 cumecs (Rampur) to 826.55 cumecs (Kasol), Q50 from 167.25 cumecs (Rampur) to 206.14
cumecs (Kasol), Q90 from 84.60 cumecs (Rampur) to 98.34 cumecs (Kasol), Q20/Q90 from 7.39 (Rampur) to 8.41 (Kasol),
Q50/Q90 from 1.98 (Rampur) to 2.10 (Kasol), and Q90/Q50 from 0.47 (Kasol) to 0.51 (Rampur) respectively.
MAM10 value of Satluj River varies from 80.67 cumecs (Rampur) to 92.30 cumecs (Kasol); 10Q2 varies from
78.45 cumecs (Rampur) to 89.91 cumecs (Kasol) and 10Q10 varies from 102 cumecs (Rampur) to 112.46 cumecs (Kasol).
Similarly, for average weekly flow, minimum 7-day average flow (MAM 7) varies from 79.02 cumecs (Rampur) to 91.10
cumecs (Kasol); 7Q2 varies from 78.05 cumecs (Rampur) to 89.11 cumecs (Kasol) and 7Q10 varies from100.1 cumecs
(Rampur) to 109.63 cumecs (Kasol) respectively. All these values are a very good indicator of aquatic habitat for various
species during different growth stages and environmental flows globally are used for recommending.