Erianin inhibits oral cancer cell growth, migration, and invasion via the Nrf2/HO-1/ GPX4 pathway
Authors: Xiu-Yun Tian, Rui Han, Qing-Yang Huang, Mei-Yun Zhou, Bin Luo, Xin-Ru Chen, Jin-Cheng Xu
Number of views: 18
Objective: To evaluate the effect of erianin on the viability, migration, and invasion of KB cells and elucidate its underlying mechanisms.
Methods: Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation, wound healing, and Transwell assays were used to determine the proliferation, migration, and invasion of oral cancer KB cells. Furthermore, malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels were determined. Fluorescent probes were used to detect changes in intracellular reactive oxygen species and iron ions. Additionally, the expressions of ferroptosis-related proteins, NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), ferritin heavy chain 1 (FTH1), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) were analyzed by Western blotting assays.
Results: Erianin induced ferroptosis and inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of KB cells. Moreover, erianin decreased GSH level, increased MDA level, elevated intracellular ROS and Fe2+ contents, and downregulated the expression of the ferroptosis-related proteins Nrf2, HO-1, GPX4, and FTH1 in KB cells. These effects of erianin were effectively reversed by a ferroptosis inhibitor, ferrostatin-1.
Conclusions: Erianin inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of oral cancer cells and induces ferroptosis via the Nrf2/HO-1/GPX4 signaling pathway. Therefore, erianin may be a potential candidate for the treatment of oral cancer.