Pulseless and vociferous. The Spanish press before the Spanish-Cuban-American War
Authors: Edel Lima Sarmiento
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After the explosion of the battleship Maine in Havana harbor, the most important Spanish publications kept a sorrowful and prudent stance. Yet, when they considered the conflagration between the United States and Spain to be imminent, they sought to create a pro-war emotional climate, in the belief that victory would be on their side; and, of course, they lied to and manipulated their readers. However, the Iberian newspapers changed their attitude along the course of the conflict, because when the war was clearly lost for the Peninsula, after the defeat of the squadron commanded by Admiral Pascual Cervera in the naval battle of Santiago de Cuba in early July, they lowered their warmongering tone and gave a turn to their editorial line, seeking to press the Government led by Práxedes Mateo Sagasta into negotiating a quick peace settlement, not to waste time in order to make it as advantageous as possible.