Justification of Russian Education Development Perspective by the Outstanding National Teacher-Enlightener Prince V.F. Odoevsky
Authors: Mikhail V. Boguslavskiy
Number of views: 442
The article gives a generalized description of the pedagogical views of the outstanding Russian teacher-enlightener of the nineteenth century. V.F. Odoevsky, which is significant, since there is still no adequate assessment of the place and value of the thinker in the domestic pedagogical tradition. This is due, first of all, to the polyphony of its multifaceted creative heritage, which couldn’t be reduced to a specific subject content and, in its essence, involves polydisciplinary research.
The periodization of the historiography of the study of pedagogical views and enlightening activity of V.F. Odoevskyis substantiated, which organically includes three periods: pre-revolutionary, Soviet and post-soviet.
Literary and pedagogical creativity of the thinker, who holds the priority of creating a new genre in children's literature – a science fiction tale with clearly expressed genre features is characterized.
The totality of his views on the problems of religious, moral and civic education, which have an enduring significance, is presented. Conceptualized a set of approaches to creating a didactic model of general education, which has great predictive value.
It is proved that V.F. Odoevsky has formed the leading directions in the formation and development of humanistic pedagogy in Russia in subsequent epochs: the relationship of learning with life and the application of this theory in educational practice; on the true education of children on the basis of progressive scientific knowledge; on a comprehensive and careful study of the psychology of children of different ages; on the development of attention, observation, interest, cognitive activity and independence of pupils on the basis of the didactic principles developed by him (visibility of training, timeliness, consistency, scientific character, combination of formal and material in education).
The author substantiates the assertion that on the whole the pedagogical concept of V.F. Odoevsky was a kind of matrix for the development of native education of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.