Features of medical nutrition and diet in combined therapy of dermatological diseases
Authors: Nasrulaeva Kh.
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The most important, and sometimes critical in many skin diseases is the observance of a certain diet. The basis of their pathogenesis is metabolic changes, functional disorders, pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, food intoxication, violation of gut barrier function, etc. In addition, a huge impact on the emergence or worsening of skin diseases, especially allergic nature is chemical substances entering the body with food. It is now known that eating disorders with the treatment of skin diseases is their aggravation. Many processes of the skin may occur as a manifestation of food allergy. In this regard, special studies conducted to determine the food allergen or recommended the exclusion from the diet of different foods. It is generally known that carbohydrates increase the sensitization, so when all allergic diseases need to limit them. Do not eat foods that contain easily digestible carbohydrates (honey, sugar, jam, white bread, etc. are recommended vegetarian soups, boiled meat, milk (if portability), curd, kefir, yogurt, herbs, fruit (except citrus). Positive effect the restriction of salt, carbohydrates, fats, spices. Useful dairy products and vegetables are suitable fasting days (fruit, cottage cheese, kefir). It is necessary to eliminate the sharp, fried, fatty and salty foods, meat (can be a bird and lamb) as well as alcohol, soft drinks, candy, chips, pizza and other. Beyond the exacerbation of the skin process can adhere to the usual diet but avoid animal fats. Especially should refrain from sharp and salty foods, egg white, sausages, smoked meats, canned goods, meat soups., spices, alcoholic beverages, coffee, cocoa protein which in large amounts are lost in this condition, it is recommended to fill by means of easily digestible protein — milk, cottage cheese, sour cream, kefir, cheese, acidophilus, yogurt, meat, fish, eggs. To improve the liver function should be included in the diet of the liver, lettuce, honey, jam, cereals, alkaline mineral water. Should be excluded from the diet of fried foods, meat, fish and mushroom broth, pickled and marinated vegetables, meats, carbonated drinks, coffee, ice cream, high–melting fats. Nutrition of children with skin diseases should be agreed with the pediatrician to rule out changes in the general condition.