Features of agricultural enterprises’ image-making activities under the influence of transformation processes in economics were studied in the article. Image influence on the competitive position of companies was investigated. The necessity of logistic activities improving which influence the increase of seasonal competitive advantage of market subjects was proved. Comparative evaluation was conducted and competitive advantages of agro holdings forming image were described.
The article considers the importance of social partnership in the promotion of investments in human capital in the system of consumer cooperatives. The author identifies role of social partners to improve investments in human capital.
The article deals with the essence and the components of innovative security of the country. Evaluation indices of innovative security were investigated. The author makes a conclusion that information and resulting indicators should be supplemented. Current state of innovative security of Ukraine was analyzed. Main factors that predetermine crisis of innovative sector were revealed. The necessity to enhance innovative security was proved. The main ways of enhancing innovative security were determined as a complex of institutional, legal, economic, information and analytical actions. Practical applicability of this research is developing strategic directions of innovative security of Ukraine enhancement.
The author describes the directions of grain fund structural use balance and defines them as one of the important positions in the system of economic security threats. It is proved that optimized proportions between food and forage grain, formation of rational need in seed fund, allocation of grain volumes for the production of biofuel, medicine will minimize the risks of economic security decreasing.
In the context of this article the nature and significance of reinsurance are examined in today’s globalized world economy; moreover, the development of the global insurance market is analyzed and main peculiarities of development and regulation of the reinsurance market in developed countries are presented; also challenges of the reinsurance market development in the developing countries are identified.
The author analyses the peculiarities of formation and development of banking in the Ancient world, defines the Christian ethical principles that govern relations between the parties in the implementation of trade and exchange operations.
The paper highlights the problems and prospects of the effective functioning of the banking system in Ukraine under the condition of financial globalization. The impact of the crisis on the efficiency of the banking system is observed. The main factors affecting the efficiency of banking are defined. The key factors to ensure the efficiency of banking in terms of the growing processes of integration, internationalization, and globalization of economic life are characterized.
The national economy in modern circumstances cannot be presented as a completely closed system, that is why there is a constant flow of capital between countries. Nowadays the problem of regulation of international capital movement in Ukraine is quite urgent. To solve this problem it is necessary to develop effective tools to influence the movement of international capital in Ukraine. The article states the need of using new tools to control international capital flows, and the optimal share of external debt of Ukraine is determined.
The article explains the importance of training prospective banking specialists in the process of education. The author has analyzed the experience of implementation of education and training banking system (ETBS) at the University of Banking of the National Bank of Ukraine and its interconnection with the processes of banking service. She has explained the benefits of ETBS implementation in the process of education.
The article investigates the nature of households finance and their role in the financial system of the country. Systems of external financial relations of household with other entities of household economy and systems of internal redistribution of relations are represented. The basic functions and principles of the organization of household finances are characterized. Components that form a general understanding of the household finances are identified.
The essence of the concept of innovative development of national economy is described and the role of standardization in innovative processes is shown in the article. The author has proved the necessity of improvement of the standardization system of Ukraine as an element of innovation infrastructure.
The functional performance of hotel business companies are analyzed in the article. The expediency of conducting the analysis for implementation of inspectional functions of company’s management system is substantiated. The directions of control over hotel industry company income and expenses are defined.
The article is devoted to the problematic issues of recognition financial resources the subject of some criminal offences under the Criminal Code of Ukraine. On the basis of economic-legal analysis it has been reasonably proved that Section VII of the Criminal Code of Ukraine does not provide the responsibility for illegal actions with a number of financial resources, which often are the subject of criminal attacks.
The article is devoted to consideration of the possible reasons of non-universality of the economic theory bringing, in the conditions of economic and political shocks, to incorrect decisions and notable social and economic losses.
This article discusses the principles of the European Monetary Union functioning and the terms of membership in it. The European Monetary Union implications for the participating countries and Ukraine, substantiated recommendations for changes in monetary policy of Ukraine are analyzed. Policy framework and prospects of Ukraine’s integration into the European Monetary Union are defined.
The paper defines the essence of the concepts of “composition” and “structure” of the capital, which determine the capital structure. The basic tasks of capital structure optimization are formed. The basic stages of optimizing the capital structure are characterized. The statistical analysis of unprofitable enterprises in Ukraine during the period of 2012–2013 is defined and presented. The characteristic of the basic concepts of the capital structure optimization is suggested.
The problem of how to reduce the risk of non-payment for credit has been investigated. Customer credit as one of the most widespread kinds of credits, various forms to secure customer credits, peculiarities and methods to minimize customer credit risks have been studied. The necessity to use pledge as an effective way of a credit warranty has been proved. Pledge as a form of credit secure from historical point of view, relationship principles between a bank and a customer as a form of customer credit warranty have been investigated. Specific features of various services for keeping up valuables by banks have been described.
Organizational and methodical aspects of forming the financial security mechanism of the banking system have been described in the article. Author determines the mechanism through the system of economic relations. Structural components of the financial security mechanism have been identified. Methods of organizing the economic relations in the financial security with subjects and objects of such relations, financial interests that are under economic protection and a set of tools have been reviewed.
The potential of the real sector of economy of Ukraine is analyzed with the application of spatial and sectoral approaches. Comparative advantages of Ukraine in foreign trade are estimated. Priority directions of stimulation of the real sector development in national economy are outlined.
The article analyses theoretical aspects of financial flows management of wholesale companies, as well as its key factors and parameters. Basic components of financial flows management are systematized into a comprehensive system. The links between the structural elements of the management system under research are determined.