The article dwells on political and economic reasons of Transatlantic Alliance. Special attention is paid to its influence on the global market, positive and negative effects on political situation in the world. The author analyzes the actions to undertake to make Transatlantic Alliance more effective.
The paper investigates theoretical and practical aspects of assessment of Ukrainian tax system, main factors that determine it and key global trends. The level of efficiency of Ukrainian tax system on the basis of certain fundamental indicators is observed. The problematic aspects of the tax system in crisis and post-crisis period are determined.
Scientific views on the development forecasting of Ukrainian regions are studied in the article. Possibility and necessity of the development of two scenarios types concerning the description of sequence steps and possible consequences for a region was identified. Approaches to the creation of regional development scenarios from the positions of main stakeholders were grounded. Necessity of scenario planning and modeling with attention to the key macroeconomic factors that influence the development of Ukraine’s economy and provide forecasts, reflecting alternative development options was underlined. A scheme of the formation of crediting model for innovative-active enterprises was proposed.
The article defines financial capacity as the complex of interrelated financial resources and ability to implement them, determining its ability to reconcile the external requirements of internal capabilities. Components of the financial capacity define financial capacity of population with organized and unorganized savings potential market for financial services, including factoring and leasing services as a source of additional economic opportunities of innovation development. Separate section of the financial capacity is venture capital funds and the ability to attract long-term investment for innovation projects. The problem of the current financing of innovative projects is a weak infrastructure implementation of financial capacity. A high level of public distrust to the banking system affects only the prevalence of short-term deposits. The author proposes to rebuild pension system to make it similar to the system of Poland Republic as one of the ways to attract “long-term money”.
The author touches upon wide problem of gnosiological possibilities of a modern economic science, concerning a category of rationality. Conditions of transition of rationality to irrationality which strengthens effects of instability of modern world economy are analyzed on specific examples.
Theoretical and applied aspects of financial regulation of households’ incomes are investigated in the article. The necessity of financial regulation of households’ incomes is underlined. Priority lines of financial regulation of households’ incomes are described.
The article deals with the disputable problems of determining the essence and the place of the banking law in the legal system of Ukraine. The main scientific approaches to the above mentioned problem have been evaluated. The point of view concerning the determination of the banking law as a separate branch has been grounded on the basis of the analysis of the subject, method, system and sources of the banking law.
The authors analyze the nature of TNCs, history of their development and their current status. Rating of the largest TNCs, the flow of investment resources and the main trends of the world market of investment resources are defined. The influence of TNCs on the economy of Ukraine and the volume of investment resources and ratings of leading international MNCs Ukraine are studied. Positive and negative trends of such effects are determined and directions for their removal are offered.
Analysis of the banking business has enabled to identify the tendencies of innovative business models implementation by leading banks of different countries of the world. The essence, formation principles and structure of innovation business model were defined. The peculiarities of some innovative business models that can serve as standards for development and subsequent evaluation of domestic banks models effectiveness are highlighted.
The differences between program-target and itemized budgeting methods are systematized. The advantages of program-target method of budget planning and features required for its application in Ukraine are identified.
The article deals with the main directions of financial security increasing of the national economy banking sector. The author suggests variants of conceptual approaches towards the development of a strategy to ensure financial security of domestic banking sector and its stages.
Existing approaches to understanding the essence of financial security are considered, through which the main problematic moments of forming the conceptual and categorical apparatus of research in this category are identified. The specific features that allow to allocate the financial component of the general concept of economic security are identified. The use of static and active approach to the interpretation of the financial security essence is proposed. A universal definition of «financial security» is formulated.
The basic classification criteria used to group main threats to the economic security of a joint stock company during the process of shares issuance and placement are systematized in the article. The author has identified the main threats to the economic security of a company during the process of securities issuance and placement on the ground of basic stages of shares issue and placement by public joint-stock companies in Ukraine as well as has defined the key impacts of threats to economic security of issuers. The methodical approach, which involves an assessment of the impact of these threats through the use of stochastic dual model was proposed.
The scientific approaches to the interpretation of concepts of «challenge», «danger», «threat» and «risk» in the theory of financial security are analyzed. The author’s definitions of concepts are suggested. It has allowed to distinguish these concepts and to find sources of negative influence on the financial security of business entities.
The essence of the notion of the financial provision of the equity market functioning and the components of the system have been determined. The essence of the financial provision has been specified. The components of the system of the financial support of the equity market have been studied.
In the article the question of ensuring economic stability of development of agrarian enterprises in Sumy area is considered, internal and external factors are allocated and analyzed, conclusions are drawn.
The paper investigates approaches to understanding the essence of investment activities management. The basic essential features of the concept are founded. Three-tier system of company’s investment activities management, that involves the implementation of investment management functions at the macro, meso and micro levels is described. Theoretical principles of strategic, tactical and operational investment activities management are defined.
The author investigates the nature of catastrophic risks from the standpoint of the theory of insurance, systematizes their particular classification, determines the specific characteristics of catastrophic risks and conceptual foundations of their realization.
In the paper the nature of reinsurance services and its interrelation with insurance services is investigated. The identification criteria of reinsurance services in the system of insurance relations are defined.