COLLECTIVE MENTALITY AND LITERARY IMAGE
Authors: Rahim OMBASHI
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The Cycle of Kreshniks is one of monuments of the national traditional Albanian culture. The traditional images
of this literary work reveal the typical view of our mountainous areas, our mighty legendary figures rendered
by means of the fabulous.
As a result, the myths shaped and influenced the preliterary creations of the society, the myths which have survived
via these creations up to these days and which contain the essence of that society’s thinking. The mentality of
this phrase of the mythical thinking dominated the antiquity until the end of paleochristianity. Songs of the legendary
epos attract the reader’s attention not only because of their great artistic value, but they are also regarded as
important sociocultural monuments having historical, philosophical, political and legal value.
The mythological figures have a chthonic, terrestrial character. The Cycle of Kreshniks focuses on common
people viewed in their relationship with their friends, the girl for whom they are primi inter pares. All the aspects of
their lives, and namely, the defence of their land, of the castle tower in the form of a metaphor, as well as their identity,
resistance, life, freedom, honour etc. are related to their spiritual condition. The mentality of the resistance
which is deeply embedded in their psyche has intuitively developed across common linguistic borders. Operating
with artistic between the mythic-pagan imagination and the later imagination as the borderline between the conscious
and subconscious mind, between totemic polytheism and monotheistic faith is traced through antinomy. Ancient
people differed from their followers who had a different vision of the life and death, time and space, the man
and the divinity, family and the world. The generation of the ancient times dominated by the mythic and legendary
mentality refuses to recognize the present and the future because their representatives belong only to the past.
The process of converting collective mentalities into artistic truths, mentalities which have emanated from a different
epoch, approach the historical truths, as well as the process of decoding the archetypal images into epic subjects
have drawn the attention of various sciences such as: history, linguistics, ethnology and mythology.