Creating reality through narrative: a comparative analysis of migration news from UN News and CNN
Authors: Natalia Diniz Schwether, Gabriela Santos Nascimento
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This article foments a comparison between the news published by UN News, UN portal, and the electronic newspaper CNN. The technique of content analysis is used in order to identify the different approaches regarding the migration theme, restricted to the second half of 2018. The research hypothesis is that UN News adopts in its approaches, in general, a more humanitarian stance than CNN, in line with the values e xpressed since the Organization’s foundation. The constructivist theoretical perspective provides support for this research, considering that reality is a social construction influenced by several actors (among them the media), as well as the sociology of communication, which portrays the construction of news as a process influenced by a series of practices, procedures and speeches. The study is justified by the ability of news to influence public opinion and even change political processes. Among the main findings, the CNN’s preference for addressing the issue emphasizing security and economic aspects stands out, while in UN NEWS there is a greater recurrence of categories associated with human rights.