ATENCIÓN DE ENFERMERÍA AL PACIENTE OSTOMIZADO
Authors: Gómez Rodríguez, I
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Patients with a stoma are becoming more numerous and is that, the most emerging pathologies worldwide, among which are colon and rectal cancer, require a bowel bypass by resection of the colon completely or part of it.
In Spain, there are programs for the early detection of colorectal cancer, since in our country it is the cancer with the highest incidence in both sexes. These programs are aimed at the age groups between 50 and 59 years, because it is in this age group that most cases are reported1. Still, 1 in 3 people diagnosed with this type of neoplasm die.
Survivors of this type of neoplasm will carry a stoma. The stomatotherapy nurse will be responsible for empowering both the patient and his or her family to provide post-surgery care, as well as psychological support to help the patient adapt to this change.
This research will also address other types of stomata, as they are of very high prevalence in our country, and it is necessary to understand them and the necessary care to provide in each case.
It is important that, in each case, the care is individualized since, although it may seem to us that a stoma is always a stoma, either in the patient or in the patient, what will mark the favorable evolution or will not be the care done by the carrier of that stoma.