Ownership of fishing areas and use of fishing resources by artisanal fishermen in a pond in southern Brazil
Authors: Jackes Mancke dos Santos, Rafael Aldrigh Tavares, João Morato Fernandes, Daiane Machado Souza, Juvêncio Luís Osório Fernandes Pouey, Sérgio Renato Noguez Piedras
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The Mangueira Lagoon located in southern Brazil, has its northern portion included in the Taim Ecological Station, a federal conservation unit. The fishing practice is among the activities at this region. It has its own characteristics due to environmental conditions and specific physiography of the area. A field protocol based on geographic information was used to characterize the occupation process and the use of fishing resources. Socio-economic information was collected through interviews of the fishermen and also based on fishing data. After compiling the data a statistical descriptive analyses was completed. The average catch per fisherman in the region is 4,766.5 kg per year. The Loricariichthys anus showed the highest catch volume, ensuring the economic viability of the local activity. The constant increase of the activity may be compromising the reproductive cycle of the local ichthyological fauna, thus compromising the fishery sustainability.