Time budget of Kyiv studentship (sociological research experience)
Authors: Bova A. A., Belenok O. A.
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The paper presents some results of the sociological survey “The Everyday Life of Student Youth”, conducted by the authors in the 2nd quarter of 2015 among the students of 4 Kyiv universities: the National Technical University of Ukraine “Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts, National Pedagogical Dragomanov University. The sample size was 422 students (44,4% males and 55,6% females). 20,6% of respondents live in Kyiv since birth, 4,5% – most of their life, 1,7% – for 6–10 years, 49,5% – for 1–5 years, 16,5% – less than one year. 7,2% of respondents reside outside Kyiv at the moment.
The study focuses on the everyday activities of students in terms of time (self-evaluation). The paper is aimed at defining distribution of the daily time to various activities and some factors influencing this distribution. The authors used time budgeting method. The respondents were asked to retrospectively identify how much time they usually spend every day on one activity or another. The data analysis is based on the method of nonparametric statistics. The paper provides descriptive characteristics of time budget for 20 daily activities. According to the obtained data, the most popular activity among Kyiv students is surfing the Internet, communication with friends and preparing for tests and exams. The authors have revealed correlations between different types of time-consuming activities. The Mann-Whitney U-test was used to identify differences in the distribution of time budgets among certain socio-demographic and socio-economic groups.
The test showed, in particular, that males and females allocate their time (to one activity or another) differently. The same is true for respondents of different residential status (measured by time respondent lives in Kyiv) and different financial statues. The obtained sociological information can be useful for teachers, economists, urbanists, and, those who are engaged in leisure and entertainment industry, time management, and others.