Economy of Ecological Tourism
Authors: Anastasia A. Finadeeva
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As a result of global urbanisation that was the consequence of continuing industrialisation in today world, interest to ecological tourism continues to grow, and this process goes hand in hand with negative tendencies on environmental pollution, excessive use and destruction of natural objects and territories, negative changes in land use. When we talk about ecological tourism, we are talking about traveling to nature, to national parks and specially protected natural areas, and we also talk about various benefits (including financial) for the local population of these territories through preservation of the environment. Such tourist activity, which is the result of people’s desire to live surrounded by nature and the natural environment, can be implemented both within the native country and beyond. In addition, since the territory where ecotourism takes place is usually a certain rural area, where the non-urban population lives and traditionally suffers from a lack of jobs, for this population the implementation of ecological tourism is becoming a new way to find work and earn money. Thus, ecological tourism is becoming an important tool for the development of rural areas: if properly managed, it can make a significant contribution to the economy of individual regions and of the whole country. Many countries, including Russia, have large areas of natural territories that could become objects of ecotourism, and, as a result, significant potential in development of this type of tourism, but at the moment profit from it remains minimal in most countries, and the main income comes from other formats of tourism. This article’s goal was to analyze various types of tourism activities in several countries to make it possible to assess the effect of these types on tourism income for the state.