CULTURAL AND NATURAL LANDSCAPES OF MODERN CRIMEA: FEATURES AND TYPOLOGY
Authors: Novoselskaya Vera Vadimovna
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Creating a comfortable human environment and ensuring its full development in harmony with social
and natural world necessitates the study of some natural-anthropogenic complexes, among them cultural
natural landscapes. The cultural and natural landscapes are constantly changing, primarily due to the changing
forms and means of human activity; they require detailed study, consisting in the analysis of the conditions
of their formation, defi nition of typological characteristics and formed types. This approach allows not only
to systematize the cultural and natural landscapes at the regional level but also to determine their identity and
The purpose of this article is the defi nition of typological characteristics and types of cultural
and natural landscapes of Crimea, the analysis of their identity. The aim has defi ned the objectives of the
study: to substantiate a comprehensive approach to the study of cultural and natural landscapes at the regional
level; to identify typological features of cultural and natural landscapes; to create the characteristics of cultural
and natural landscapes of Crimea. The theoretical and methodological basis of the research consists of analytical, comparatively historical
and typological methods, and fi eld research are applied in the context of the specifi cs of an integrated approach
developed in the article to the typology of cultural and natural landscapes of Crimea.
The study has shown that cultural and natural landscapes are multi-functional in nature and, therefore,
they can be attributed to multiple types at the same time.
Different types of cultural and natural landscapes are distinguished on the territory of Crimea: recreation,
historic, palace-park, tourist, garden, resort, sacred, scientifi c, educational, conservation, residential, as well
as their various combinations, which suggest the high educational, tourist, economic, historic and recreational
potential of Crimea.
The importance of the typology of cultural and natural landscapes is, fi rst, of the necessity of their
consideration in connection with the problems of preservation and use, and, second, of the need for subsequent
landscape zoning of territories with the aim of identifying their individuality and developing a strategy for the
conservation of the unique cultural and natural systems in the region, their use for cultural, economic and social
development of Crimea.