SIBERIA IN THE LINGUISTIC AND MYTHOLOGICAL CONTINUUM OF RUSSIA: PROBLEM OF UNDERSTANDING THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE CONSCIOUSNESS
Authors: E. A. Fedorova, V. P. Slivinsky
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The article deals with the problem of understanding of Siberia as a special mythological space in the
linguistic consciousness of the Russian people.researchers consider the etymological roots of the transformation
horonoma. They are trying to figure out why Siberia acts as a sacred place, which has a complex network
of associative fields. The authors examine the question of why Siberia is seen as analogous to Tartarus, a
kind of purgatory, and together with the place of acquisition of supernatural powers and abilities. Regional
toponymic space can be considered, on the one hand, as a text reflecting the history of the people, on the other
hand, cultural environment, which forms the historical consciousness, as it is often perceived as a memorial to
names of historical figures and events. Myths are an effective means of influencing the public consciousness,
mythological communication is very interesting for advertising and public relations, as there is a level that can
be weakly refuted the mass consciousness. Myth is one of the features of onomastic discourse.
Siberia is associated as a specific mythological space. It is no accident that Siberians in proverbs serve
as special people, and Siberia as a special fabulous space. For example: Siberian is not one who was born in
Siberia, but the one who puts on the heat, Siberian is not the one who lives in Siberia, but the one who puts
on the heat, Siberia-mother and the Urals, the priest sent to Siberia as hard as a Siberian, Siberian health, etc.
Send or go to Siberia in the popular mind equates to traveling to the sacred world of death, into
the world of the Other, so the use of the word as a place name «Siberia» is associated with the designation of
the forbidden places, closed places, remote location with a strong negative connotation.
In addition, there is a dichotomy in the Russian language consciousness: «Russia – Siberia» as an echo of
a dichotomy of Russia and Siberia as Tartary / Tartarus. Thus, the «Tatar land» has a special place in the plot. It
is at the opposite pole, in opposition to all Russian things, it is the habitat of «enemies of the villains, powerful
Tatars evil.» «Conspiracy selfless person going into any war» describes the battle with the Tatars as with
the infidels, soldiers, notorious for cruelty, courage, supernatural invulnerability.