Effectiveness of a program to prevent partner violence in adolescents in Juliaca, Peru
Authors: Oscar Mamani Benito; Rosa Farfán Solís; Heber Chui Betancur; Delia Llanque Apaza; Mirian Coila Quispe; Delia Sánchez Ponce; Karen Quispe Mamani
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Objective: to determine the effectiveness of a program to prevent partner violence in adolescents through the development of knowledge and attitudes based on equality and mutual respect. Materials and method: quasi-experimental study with evaluation before and after the intervention, where 60 adolescents from a state educational institution in the city of Juliaca, Peru, participated. They were distributed in two groups: experimental (29) and control (31). The applied program was called "Building a healthy couple's relationship" which consists of 5 modules that develop: theoretical bases of violence, healthy couple's relationships, self-knowledge and emotional expression, conflict resolution, and skills and values in couple's relationships. To determine the learning, a knowledge questionnaire and an attitude scale were used, both of which were developed in a similar study and both demonstrated reliability and validity of content. Results: knowledge about partner violence was significantly increased in the experimental group (z=4.238, p=0.000) but not in the control group (z=1.014, p=0.311). Similarly, rejection of violence was significantly increased in the experimental group (z=5.178, p=0.001) but not in the control group (z=1.485, p=0.512). Conclusion:the lessons learned show a positive increase in knowledge and rejection of partner violence. This implies that the adolescents developed skills to prevent conflictive relationships.