Factors associated with knowledge about pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with HIV/SIDA
Authors: Jenny Mejía Sánchez; Jackeline Nuñez Villa
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Objective:to determine what factors are associated with knowledge of pulmonary tuberculosis and its dimensions (preventive measures, drug treatment and home care) in patients with HIV / AIDS. Materials and methods: the study was non-experimental descriptive correlational cross-sectional. The instrument used was the 20-question self-directed questionnaire on knowledge of tuberculosis. The sample was 139 patients of both sexes who attended the Program for the Control of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS of a public hospital in North Lima. Univariate and bivariate analyzes were used with the Stata program version 14. Results: of the total sample the average knowledge about tuberculosis was 20.4 in a range of 0 to 40 points. Likewise, there was a significant association between age, sex, occupation, training, family history and presenting TB disease with knowledgeabout pulmonary tuberculosis. Conclusion: the average knowledge about tuberculosis is 20.4. In addition, the youngest, men, those who did not attend training, those who do not have pulmonary tuberculosis or a relative with this pathology have less averageknowledge of Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Based on these findings, much emphasis should be placed on strengthening knowledge about tuberculosis by health personnel who care for people with HIV-AIDS in order to prevent abandonment to treatment, rejection of thedisease, risk of infections or complications, among others.