Phonoaudiology and human rights
Authors: Ana Machado GoyanoMac Kay; Beatriz Valles González
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Phonoaudiologyis a profession assigned to the areas of health and education, whose objective is to optimize the individual's capacity to communicate efficiently, and to be able to adequately perform non-verbal oral functions. This professional must consider various bioethical practicing principles, in health spaces, to ensure users equitable access to services, effective evidence of ethical values involved in the procedures aimed at offering real opportunities for the development of autonomy and self-determination. Thispaper analyzes how this discipline developed new paradigms in response to a social change, driven by new moral, ethical, social principles and, above all, collective solidarity that prompted new transformations and actions during 20th century, which was concretized in a procedure approach based on human rights, which offers strategies and solutions that address and correct inequalities, discriminatory practices and unjust power relations that may arise in health contexts.The method for official information search covered the archives of documents of the official institutions that represent phonoaudiologist in Latin America and documents available online through the keywords. It can be verified that the Codes of Ethics of Speech and Language Pathology contemplate the key assumptions of the declaration of human rights and subsequent documents related to it.