Nursing care for preschooler with viral pneumonia
Authors: Yudith Felipe de la Cruz
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Pneumonia is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age. This study presents the case of a two-year-old preschooler who presented respiratory distress, ventilating with oxygen support by Three liters binaural cannula with a FiO2 of 32% with SatO2 99%, respiratory rate of 48 per minute, intercostal drawing, presence of rales to auscultation in both lung fields, hot skin and blushing cheeks with 38.7°C. After the assessment of the case, nursing care planning was carried out. Four real diagnoses were presented: "Ineffective respiratory pattern", "Hyperthermia", "Inefficient airway cleaning" and "Child anxiety". The care plan was carried out during the first days of preschool hospitalization using the 13 domain assessment model, selecting the positive and negative aspects of NANDA-I Taxonomy II and the classification of diagnoses, interventions and results of the Taxonomy II. It was concluded that through the nursing care plan the recovery of the respiratory pattern, hyperthermia and inefficient cleaning of the airways was achieved, and the child's anxiety was also reduced.