Modulos Instruccionales: Una Alternativa Para El Manejo De La Educacion Ambiental En Comunidades
Authors: Iselen Trujillo, Orquídea Pérez, Adriana Silvia, M Perdomo, F Rojas
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The instructional modules are instructional materials that facilitate the teaching and learning process, which contain elements necessary for the acquisition of competences at the participant's pace, without the continuous face-to-face element of the facilitator. The objective of this work was the elaboration of instructional modules that allow the strengthening of capacities in the different actors of rural communities, through the exchange and socialization of knowledge related to the environment. For the design of the instructional material, several stages were considered, so as to make it as accessible as possible to the whole learning community, including: a) Expansion and search of information; b) Participatory construction of instructional design; c) Collective construction of instructional modules structured on information sheets and teamwork on various aspects related to the environment and d) Process of validation of the material with different actors of communities, technicians and researchers. As a result, instructional materials have been obtained titled: "Organic farming as an agro-ecological alternative in school gardens"; "Integral management of solid waste in Galipán"; "At IDECYT we take advantage of our waste"; "Climate change has arrived! Future options", which constitute a series of materials derived from master's thesis and research projects, aimed at communities in the areas where they were developed, which have favored the consolidation of their training in topics related to the topics mentioned. The validation of the material was carried out by representatives of the different communities where this alternative was used, which were involved in the different research projects carried out, in addition to the one carried out by experts and technicians, which allowed to evaluate the congruence, adequacy and consistency of the contents for the approach of diverse subjects related to the environment. All the research where this resource was used as an alternative of learning, yielded successful results for the management of environmental education in the learning communities where the research was developed.