The System of Public Education in Tiflis Governorate in the Period 1802–1917. Part 4
Authors: Anvar M. Mamadaliev, Dmitrii V. Karpukhin, Natalia V. Svechnikova, Aude Médico
Number of views: 29
The fourth part of the series of articles is devoted to the problem of the development of the education system in the Caucasus at the end of the Russian Empire, that is, during the reign of Nicholas II after the adoption of the law of May 3, 1908, which changed the approach to the primary education system. Thus, the chronological framework of the study is 1908−1917. The geographical scope is limited to the territory of the Tiflis governorate, but statistics are also provided and a general analysis of the situation in the education system of the Caucasian district as a whole is made. Such documents as the Complete collection of laws of the Russian Empire, acts of the Caucasian archeographic commission, reports of the Trustees of the Caucasian educational district for 1908−1914, etc. were used as sources. The article also examines the conflicting opinions about the law of May 3, 1908 in Russian and foreign historiography.
The paper provides statistics on the average (male and female gymnasiums, real and technical schools and teacher's seminaries) and elementary (lower technical school, higher primary and city schools, mountain school, elementary and industrial schools, procedural courses, classes, and women's vocational schools, etc.) educational institutions (as Tiflis province and district) based on criteria such as the number of schools, classrooms, employees and students, the value of the library collection (both fundamental and student libraries of educational institutions), as well as the amount of funding for each type of institution. Separate statistics contain tables on the gender ratio of students, as well as class, religious and ethnic distribution.
It also highlights the advantages and disadvantages of the governorate's educational system in comparison with other regions of the Caucasus educational district, as well as its individual educational institutions.
Based on the analysis of statistical data, the conclusions are drawn about the development of the education system in the district as a whole, and in the Tiflis governorate in particular, as well as about the problems and achievements that were achieved by the administration and the government during this period.