PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF GLOBALIZATION (NEW INTERPRETATION).
Authors: Akbar Isakulovich Safarov
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The article presents a new interpretation of the problem of globalization. In contrast to the position widespread in modern socio-philosophical theory, which interprets globalization as a process of uniting local communities and culture at the empirical level, this article considers globalization not only at the empirical, phenomenal level, but also at the internal, noumenal level. At the noumenal level, the global and the local have common roots in the development of civilization and represent a social response to the evolution of civilization. This approach makes it possible to develop an unconventional interpretation of the development of civilization as a process of self-organization of human communities in time and space. Globalization and localization represent the tendencies of unification and disintegration of communities, simultaneously coexisting in the history of civilization with the dominance of one tendency. In connection with this theoretical thesis, the current positions of acceptance or rejection of globalization (radical globalism, moderate globalism, anti-globalism) seem to be insufficiently scientifically substantiated. Globalization, in contrast to the existing interpretations of this phenomenon as universalism, multiculturalism, interculturalism, is a social response to the tendencies of separation, disintegration, degradation of civilization. Globalization is periodically replaced by an alternative trend - localization, which is a social response to the tendencies of civilization unification, the unification of communities under the auspices of the dominant community. Globalization and localization are social mechanisms that regulate the process of energy balance-imbalance of civilization. In the modern period of development, the laws of unification and disintegration of communities will continue to manifest themselves at an accelerated pace, in connection with which accelerated pulsations of globalization and localization will appear.