MOTIF OF DIVINE MIRACULOUS BIRTH IN KARAKALPAK FOLK EPOS AND THEIR HISTORICAL ROOTS.
Authors: Marat Esebaev
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This article scientifically analyzed one of the leading motives in epos - the miraculous birth of heroes. The historical roots of this motive are studied in connection with the ancient archaic concepts, pre-Islamic religious concepts, as well as with Islamic religion. It has been proved that ideological sources of motive about the miraculous birth of heroes in epos, fairy tales, legends are similar to sources of Central Asian, Greek, Babylonian, Assyrian, Iranian myths about the origin of people in ancient times. Greek myths about "Birth of Perey," Devkalion and Pirra, "Iranian myths about the birth of Kayumars (Gaimartan of" Avesto ") are analyzed and the poem" Odyssey "is relatively analyzed. These mythical motives, as a result of diffusion, have undergone structural-semantic changes and have been introduced into the structure of epos, and their display in a diverse artistic form is considered in connection with the conditions created by the era, concepts and faith in the spiritual consciousness of the people. For example, the birth of a hero without a father (ray of sun, appearance from stone, water, fruit, spells, eating enchanted fruit, etc.) is analyzed the birth of a hero without a father from the ray of sun, miraculous events from the marriage of animals and birds, etc.